give 英 [gɪv]   美 [ɡɪv]


give  英 [gɪv] 美 [ɡɪv]

vt. 给;产生;让步;举办;授予  vi. 捐赠;面向;有弹性;气候转暖 

进行时:giving  过去式:gave  过去分词:given  第三人称单数:gives  名词复数:gives 

give you an apple 给你一个苹果
give me some others. 给我一些其他的吧。

  • When you give something, you hand over possession to someone else. Give can also be a noun; a material that has give has the ability to stretch.
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  • vt. 给;产生;让步;举办;授予
  • vi. 捐赠;面向;有弹性;气候转暖
  • 1. give you an apple


  • 2. give me some others.


  • 3. Now you can give me some advice.


  • give (n.) "capacity for yielding to pressure," 1868, from give (v.). The Middle English noun yeve, meant "that which is given or offered; a contribution of money," often as tribute, or in expectation of something in return.
  • give (v.) Old English giefan (West Saxon) "to give, bestow, deliver to another; allot, grant; commit, devote, entrust," class V strong verb (past tense geaf, past participle giefen), from Proto-Germanic *geban (source also of Old Frisian jeva, Middle Dutch gheven, Dutch geven, Old High German geban, German geben, Gothic giban), from PIE root *ghabh- "to give or receive." It became yiven in Middle English, but changed to guttural "g" by influence of Old Norse gefa "to give," Old Danish givæ.
give / ɡɪv ; NAmE ɡɪv / verb , noun give gives gave giving given verb ( gave / ɡeɪv ; NAmE ɡeɪv / given / ˈɡɪvn ; NAmE ˈɡɪvn / ) hand/provide 交给;提供 1 [transitive ] to hand sth to sb so that they can look at it, use it or keep it for a time 给;交给 givesth to sb Give the letter to your mother when you've read it. 信看完后交给你母亲。 She gave her ticket to the woman at the check-in desk. 她把票递给了登机手续服务枱上的女服务员。 givesb sth Give your mother the letter. 把信给你母亲。 They were all given a box to carry. 给了他们每人一个箱子让他们搬。 2 [transitive ,  intransitive ] to hand sth to sb as a present; to allow sb to have sth as a present 赠送;赠与;送给 givesb sth What are you giving your father for his birthday? 你打算送给你父亲什么生日礼物? She was given a huge bunch of flowers. 有人给她送了一大束花。 Did you give the waiter a tip? 你给服务员小费了吗? givesth to sb We don't usually give presents to people at work. 我们一般不给在职员工送礼。 give(sth) They say it's better to give than to receive. 人们说施比受有福。 3 [transitive ] to provide sb with sth (为某人)提供,供给,供应 givesb sth They were all thirsty so I gave them a drink. 他们都口渴了,所以我给了他们一杯饮料。 Give me your name and address. 把你的名字和地址报给我。 We've been given a 2% pay increase. 我们获得了 2% 的加薪。 I was hoping you would give me a job. 我还盼望着你能给我份工作呢。 He was given a new heart in a five-hour operation. 经过五个小时的手术给他移植了一颗新的心脏。 She wants a job that gives her more responsibility. 她想得到一份责任更大的工作。 Can I give you a ride to the station? 你搭我的便车去车站好吗? They couldn't give me any more information. 他们不可能给我提供更多的信息。 I'll give you (= allow you to have)ten minutes to prepare your answer. 我会给你十分钟时间准备回答。 Don't give me any of that backchat (= don't be rude). 别跟我顶嘴。 givesth to sb He gives Italian lessons to his colleagues. 他给同事们上意大利语课。 The reforms should give a better chance to the less able children. 这些改革应该给予能力较低的儿童更好的机会。 money 金钱 4 [intransitive ,  transitive ] to pay money to a charity, etc, to help people 捐助;捐赠;捐款 We need your help—please give generously. 我们需要您的帮助,请慷慨解囊吧。 giveto sth They both gave regularly to charity. 他俩定期为慈善事业捐款。 givesth (to sth) I gave a small donation. 我给了一点微薄的捐助。 5 [transitive ] to pay in order to have or do sth (为获得某物或做某事而)支付,付款 givesb sth (for sth) How much will you give me for the car? 你肯出多少钱买我这辆汽车? givesth I'd give anything to see him again. 只要能再见他一面我出多少钱都愿意。 givesth for sth I gave £50 for the lot. 我出 50 英镑一下全买了。 treat as important 视为重要 6 [transitive ] to use time, energy, etc. for sb/sth 将(时间、精力等)用于 givesb/sth sth I gave the matter a lot of thought. 我反复思考过这个问题。 givesth to sb/sth I gave a lot of thought to the matter. 我反复思考过这个问题。 The government has given top priority to reforming the tax system. 政府优先致力于税制改革。 punishment 惩罚 7 [transitive ] to make sb suffer a particular punishment 使受…惩罚 givesb sth The judge gave him a nine-month suspended sentence. 法官判处他有期徒刑九个月,缓期执行。 givesth to sb We discussed what punishment should be given to the boys. 我们讨论了该如何惩罚这些男孩。 illness 疾病 8 [transitive ] to infect sb with an illness 把(疾病)传染给 givesb sth You've given me your cold. 你把感冒传染给我了。 givesth to sb She'd given the bug to all her colleagues. 她把这种病毒传染给了所有的同事。 party/event 聚会;活动 9 [transitive ] givesth if you givea party, you organize it and invite people 举办;举行 10 [transitive ] givesth to perform sth in public 表演;公开进行 She gave a reading from her latest volume of poetry. 她朗诵了她最近出版的诗集里的一首诗。 The President will be giving a press conference this afternoon. 总统今天下午将举行记者招待会。 do/produce sth 做;产生 11 [transitive ] used with a noun to describe a particular action, giving the same meaning as the related verb (与名词连用描述某一动作,意义与该名词相应的动词相同) givesth She gave a shrug of her shoulders (= she shrugged). 她耸了耸肩。 He turned to us and gave a big smile (= smiled broadly). 他转身对着我们咧开嘴笑。 She looked up from her work and gave a yawn (= yawned). 她停下工作抬起头来打了个哈欠。 He gave a loud cry (= cried out loudly)and fell to the floor. 他大叫了一声倒在地板上。 Her work has given pleasure to (= pleased)millions of readers. 她的著作给数百万读者带来了欢乐。 givesb sth He gave her a kiss (= kissed her). 他吻了她一下。 I have to admit that the news gave us a shock (= shocked us). 我不得不承认这个消息让我们大为震惊。 We'll give you all the help we can (= help you in every way we can). 我们将尽力帮助你。 HELP  For other similar expressions, look up the nouns in each. For example, you will find give your approvalat approval. 其他类似词组见有关名词词条。如 give your approval 在词条 approval 下可以查到。 12 [transitive ] givesb sth to produce a particular feeling in sb 使产生(某种感觉) All that driving has given me a headache. 这一路开车让我头都痛了。 Go for a walk. It'll give you an appetite. 去散散步,你就有食欲了。 telephone call 电话 13 [transitive ] givesb sth to make a telephone call to sb 给(某人)打(电话) Give me a call tomorrow. 明天给我打个电话。 ( BrE) I'll give you a ring. 我会给你打电话的。 mark/grade 分数;等级 14 [transitive ] givesb/sth sth | givesth (to sb/sth) to judge sb/sth to be of a particular standard 给…评定(等级) She had given the assignment an A. 她给这份作业打了个优。 I give it ten out of ten for originality. 因其创意我给它打满分。 predict how long 预计多长时间 15 [transitive ] givesb/sth sth to predict that sth will last a particular length of time 预计将持续(…时间) That marriage won't last. I'll give them two years, at the outside. 那桩婚姻不会持久,我看最多两年。 in sport 体育运动 16 [transitive ] givesb/sth + adj. to say that a player or the ball is in a particular position 裁定,判(球员或球所处位置) The umpire gave the ball out. 裁判员判球出界。 bend 弯曲 17 [intransitive ] to bend or stretch under pressure (在压力下)弯曲,伸长,支撑不住 The branch began to give under his weight. 他身体的重量把树枝都压弯了。 ( figurative) We can't go on like this— something's got to give. 我们不能继续这样了,肯定会出事的。 18 [intransitive ] to agree to change your mind or give up some of your demands 让步;妥协 You're going to have to give a little. 你可能非得稍为让步不可。 IDIOMS Most idioms containing giveare at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example, give rise to sthis at rise n. 大多数含 give 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 give rise to sth 在词条 rise 的名词部份。 don't give me ˈthat ( informal) used to tell sb that you do not accept what they say (表示不相信对方说的话)别跟我来这一套,别以为我会相信你 ‘I didn't have time to do it.’ ‘Oh, don't give me that!’ “我没有时间做这事。”“哦,别以为我会相信你的鬼话!” ˌgive and ˈtake to be willing, in a relationship, to accept what sb else wants and to give up some of what you want 互相让步;双方迁就 You're going to have to learn to give and take. 你们必须学会互相迁就。 give as good as you ˈget to react with equal force when sb attacks or criticizes you 回敬;回击;以牙还牙 She can give as good as she gets. 她能够给以回击。 give it up (for sb) ( informal) to show your approval of sb by clapping your hands 鼓掌表示支持(某人) Give it up for Eddie Murphy! 给艾迪 · 墨菲以掌声鼓励! ˈgive me sth/sb (any day/time) ( informal) used to say that you prefer a particular thing or person to the one that has just been mentioned 我宁愿;我更喜欢;我宁可选择 We don't go out much. Give me a quiet night in front of the TV any day! 我们不常出去。我宁愿坐在电视机前安安静静地过一夜! give or ˈtake (sth) if sth is correct give or takea particular amount, it is approximately correct 相差不到;出入至多 It'll take about three weeks, give or take a day or so. 这要花大约三周时间,出入不过一天左右。 give sb to believe/understand (that)… [often passive ] ( formal) to make sb believe/understand sth 使某人相信;使某人理解 I was given to understand that she had resigned. 我得知她已经辞职了。 I give you… used to ask people to drink a toastto sb 我提议为(某人)干杯 Ladies and gentlemen, I give you Geoff Ogilby! 女士们,先生们,我提议为杰夫 · 奥格尔比干杯! I/I'll give you ˈthat ( informal) used when you are admitting that sth is true 我承认这事有理;我承认这是事实 what ˈgives? ( informal) what is happening?; what is the news? 发生了什么事;有什么消息 PHRASAL VERBS ˌgive sb aˈway (in a marriage ceremony 在婚礼上 ) to lead the brideto the bridegroomand formally allow her to marry him 将新娘交给新郎 The bride was given away by her father. 新娘由父亲交给新郎。 ˌgive sth↔aˈway 1 to give sth as a gift 赠送;捐赠 He gave away most of his money to charity. 他把他的大部份钱都捐赠给了慈善事业。 ( informal) Check out the prices of our pizzas—we're virtually giving them away! 查看一下我们的比萨饼的价格吧,我们实际上是在白送! related noun giveaway 2 to present sth 颁发;分发 The mayor gave away the prizes at the school sports day. 市长在学校运动会那天颁发了奖项。 3 to carelessly allow sb to have an advantage (粗心地)失去,丧失,错失(优势) They've given away two goals already. 他们已白送对手两分了。 ˌgive sth/sb↔aˈway to make known sth that sb wants to keep secret 泄露;暴露 SYN betray She gave away state secrets to the enemy. 她把国家机密泄露给了敌人。 It was supposed to be a surprise but the children gave the game away. 这原本想给人一个惊喜,可孩子们把计划泄露了。 His voice gave him away (= showed who he really was). 他的声音使他露馅了。 related noun giveaway ˌgive sb ˈback sth | ˌgive sth↔ˈback (to sb) 1 to return sth to its owner 归还;送回 Could you give me back my pen? 把钢笔还给我好吗? Could you give me my pen back? 把钢笔还给我好吗? I picked it up and gave it back to him. 我把它捡起来还给了他。 ( informal) Give it me back! 把它还给我! 2 to allow sb to have sth again 使恢复;使重新获得 The operation gave him back the use of his legs. 手术使他双腿恢复了功能。 ˌgive ˈin (to sb/sth) 1 to admit that you have been defeated by sb/sth 屈服;认输;投降 The rebels were forced to give in. 叛乱分子被迫投降了。 2 to agree to do sth that you do not want to do 让步;勉强同意 The authorities have shown no signs of giving in to the kidnappers' demands. 当局对绑架者的要求没有丝毫让步的迹象。 ˌgive sth ˈin (to sb) ( BrE) ( also ˌhand sth↔ˈin (to sb) BrE, NAmE ) to hand over sth to sb in authority 呈上;交上 Please give your work in before Monday. 请在星期一之前把作业交上来。 ˌgive ˈoff sth to produce sth such as a smell, heat, light, etc. 发出,放出(气味、热、光等) The flowers gave off a fragrant perfume. 花儿散发出芳香。 ˈgive on to/onto sth [no passive ] ( BrE) to have a view of sth; to lead directly to sth 朝向;面向;通向 The bedroom windows give on to the street. 卧室的窗户面向街道。 This door gives onto the hall. 这道门通往大厅。 ˌgive ˈout 1 to come to an end; to be completely used up 用完;耗尽 After a month their food supplies gave out. 一个月以后他们的食物储备消耗殆尽。 Her patience finally gave out. 她最终忍无可忍了。 2 to stop working 停止运行;停止运转 One of the plane's engines gave out in mid-air. 飞机在高空中飞行时一个发动机失灵了。 Her legs gave out and she collapsed. 她腿一软倒了下去。 ˌgive sth↔ˈout to give sth to a lot of people 分发;散发 The teacher gave out the exam papers. 老师分发了试卷。 ˌgive ˈout sth 1 to produce sth such as heat, light, etc. 发出,放出(热、光等) The radiator gives out a lot of heat. 散热器释放出大量的热。 2 [often passive ] ( especially BrE) to tell people about sth or broadcast sth 公布;宣布;播放 ˌgive ˈover ( BrE) ( informal) used to tell sb to stop doing sth 别再…了;到此为止吧;住手 Give over, Chris! You're hurting me. 住手,克里斯!你把我弄痛了。 givedoing sth Give over complaining! 别抱怨了! ˌgive yourself ˈover to sth ( also ˌgive yourself ˈup to sth ) to spend all your time doing sth or thinking about sth; to allow sth to completely control your life 致力于;沉溺于 ˌgive sth↔ˈover to sth [usually passive ] to use sth for one particular purpose 把…专用作(某种用途) The gallery is given over to British art. 此陈列室专门用于陈列英国艺术品。 ˌgive ˈup to stop trying to do sth 投降;认输;放弃 They gave up without a fight. 他们不战而降。 She doesn't give up easily. 她决不轻易认输。 I give up—tell me the answer. 我猜不着了,把答案告诉我吧。 ˌgive sb ˈup 1 ( also ˌgive ˈup on sb especially in NAmE ) to believe that sb is never going to arrive, get better, be found, etc. 对某人的到来(或康复、能否找到等)不再抱有希望 There you are at last! We'd given you up. 你终于来了!我们都以为你不来了呢。 We hadn't heard from him for so long, we'd given him up for dead. 我们这么长时间没有他的音信,都以为他死了。 2 to stop having a relationship with sb 与某人断绝关系;不再与某人交往 Why don't you give him up? 你为什么不与他一刀两断呢? ˌgive sth↔ˈup 1 [no passive ] to stop doing or having sth 停止;中止;放弃;抛弃 She didn't give up work when she had the baby. 她有孩子后并未放弃工作。 We'd given up hopeof ever having children. 我们已放弃生孩子的希望。 givedoing sth You ought to give up smoking. 你应该戒烟。 2 to spend time on a task that you would normally spend on sth else 把(本该做其他事的时间)耗费于 I gave up my weekend to help him paint his apartment. 我耗费了一个周末帮他粉刷寓所。 ˌgive sth↔ˈup (to sb) to hand sth over to sb else 把…交给(或让与) We had to give our passports up to the authorities. 我们得把护照交给当局。 He gave up his seat to a pregnant woman (= stood up to allow her to sit down). 他把座位让给了一名孕妇。 ˌgive yourself/sb ˈup (to sb) to offer yourself/sb to be captured 自首;投案;投降 After a week on the run he gave himself up to the police. 他逃跑一周后向警方投案自首了。 ˌgive yourself ˈup to sth = give yourself over to sth ˌgive ˈup on sb 1 to stop hoping or believing that sb will change, get better, etc. 对某人不再抱希望(或不再相信) His teachers seem to have given up on him. 他的老师似乎不再对他抱有希望。 2 ( especially NAmE) = give sb up  (1 ) noun [uncountable ] the ability of sth to bend or stretch under pressure 伸展性;弹性 The shoes may seem tight at first, but the leather has plenty of give in it. 这鞋刚开始穿时可能显得紧,但皮子的伸展性很好。 IDIOM ˌgive and ˈtake 1 willingness in a relationship to accept what sb else wants and give up some of what you want 双方迁就;相互让步;互相忍让 2 an exchange of words or ideas 交谈;思想交流 to encourage a lively give and take 鼓励活跃的思想交流 give / ɡɪv ; NAmE ɡɪv / gave / ɡeɪv ; NAmE ɡeɪv / given / ˈɡɪvn ; NAmE ˈɡɪvn /
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