go 英 [gəʊ]   美 [goʊ]


go  英 [gəʊ] 美 [goʊ]

vi. 走;达到;运转;趋于  n. 去;进行;尝试  vt. 忍受;出产;以…打赌 

进行时:going  过去式:went  过去分词:gone  第三人称单数:goes  名词复数:goes 

we should go. 我们该走了。
His dog goes everywhere with him.  他的狗总是跟着他。

  • To go is to proceed or move from one place to another. When you see a green traffic light, what do you do? You go! That's what you do.
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  • vi. 走;达到;运转;趋于
  • n. 去;进行;尝试
  • vt. 忍受;出产;以…打赌
  • phrase. [复数 goes 第三人称单数 goes 过去式 went 过去分词 gone 现在分词 going]
  • 1. we should go.


  • 2. His dog goes everywhere with him.


  • 3. I have to go to the hospital.


go / ɡəʊ ; NAmE ɡoʊ / verb , noun go goes went going gone verb ( goes / ɡəʊz ; NAmE ɡoʊz / went / went ; NAmE went / gone / ɡɒn ; NAmE ɡɔːn / ) HELP  Beenis used as the past participle of gowhen sb has gone somewhere and come back. 表示去过某地并已回来时,用 been 作 go 的过去分词。 move/travel 移动;行走 1 [intransitive ] to move or travel from one place to another 去;走 + adv./prep. She went into her room and shut the door behind her. 她走进自己的房间,把门关上。 He goes to work by bus. 他乘公共汽车去上班。 I have to go to Rome on business. 我得去罗马出差。 She has gone to China (= is now in China or is on her way there). 她到中国去了。 She has been to China (= she went to China and has now returned). 她去过中国。 I think you should go to the doctor's. 我认为你该去看看医生。 Are you going home for Christmas? 你打算回家过圣诞节吗? goto do sth She has gone to see her sister this weekend. 她本周末看她姐姐去了。 HELP  In spoken English gocan be used with andplus another verb to show purpose or to tell sb what to do. 英语口语中,go 可与 and 连用加上另一动词,表示目的或让某人做某事 I'll go and answer the door. Go and getme a drink! The andis sometimes left out, especially in NAmE. *and 有时可省略,尤其是美式英语 Go askyour mom! 2 [intransitive ] go(to sth) (with sb) to move or travel, especially with sb else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an event (尤指与某人)去(某处或出席某项活动) Are you going to Dave's party? 你要去参加戴夫的聚会吗? Who else is going? 还有谁要去? His dog goes everywhere with him. 他的狗总是跟着他。 3 [intransitive ] to move or travel in a particular way or over a particular distance 移动,行走(指方式或距离) + adv./prep. He's going too fast. 他走得太快。 + noun We had gone about fifty miles when the car broke down. 我们行驶了约莫五十英里,汽车突然抛锚了。 4 [intransitive ] ~ flying, skidding, etc. (+ adv./prep.) to move in a particular way or while doing sth else (以某种方式)移动;在移动中做 The car went skidding off the road into a ditch. 汽车打滑冲出公路跌进沟里。 She went sobbing up the stairs. 她呜咽着上楼去了。 She crashed into a waiter and his tray of drinks went flying. 她一下子撞到侍者身上,弄得他托盘里的饮料四处飞溅。 leave 离去 5 [intransitive ] to leave one place in order to reach another 离开;离去;出发 SYN depart I must be going now. 我现在得走了。 They came at six and went at nine. 他们是六点钟来的,九点钟走的。 Has she gone yet? 她走了吗? He's been gone an hour (= he left an hour ago). 他离开一小时了。 When does the train go? 火车什么时候开? 6 [intransitive ] goon sth to leave a place and do sth different 去做(某事) to go on a journey/a tour/a trip/a cruise 去旅行╱观光游览╱短途旅行╱乘船旅游 Richard has gone on leave for two weeks. 理查德休假两周了。 visit/attend 访问;出席 7 [intransitive ] goto sth to visit or attend a place for a particular purpose (为某目的)去(某处) ( BrE) I have to go to hospital for an operation. 我得去医院动手术。 ( NAmE) I have to go to the hospital. 我得到医院去。 to go to prison (= to be sent there as punishment for a crime) 进监狱 Do you go to church (= regularly attend church services)? 你去教堂吗? swimming/fishing/jogging, etc. 游泳、钓鱼、慢跑等 8 [intransitive ] go(for) sth to leave a place or travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or a sport 去参加,去从事(某项活动或运动) to go for a walk/drive/swim/run 去散步╱兜风╱游泳╱跑步 Shall we go for a drink (= at a pub or bar)after work? 我们下班后去(酒吧)喝一杯好吗? I have to go shopping this afternoon. 我今天下午得去商店买东西。 We're going sailing on Saturday. 我们打算星期六乘帆船出游。 be sent 被发送 9 [intransitive ] (+ adv./prep.) to be sent or passed somewhere 被发送;被传递 I want this memo to go to all managers. 我想让这份备忘录送交到所有经理手中。 lead 通向 10 [intransitive ] go(from…) (to…) to lead or extend from one place to another (从…)通向,延伸到 I want a rope that will go from the top window to the ground. 我想要一根可从顶楼窗户垂到地面的绳子。 Where does this road go? 这条路通到哪里? place/space 地方;空处 11 [intransitive ] + adv./prep. to have as a usual or correct position; to be placed 被放置,被置于,被安放(在通常或合适的位置) This dictionary goes on the top shelf. 这部词典放在书架最上层。 Where do you want the piano to go (= be put)? 你想把钢琴放在什么地方? 12 [intransitive ] will/would not go(in/into sth) used to say that sth does/did not fit into a particular place or space (不)适合;放(不)进 My clothes won't all go in that one suitcase. 一个手提箱装不下我所有的衣服。 He tried to push his hand through the gap but it wouldn't go. 他试着把手伸进豁口,可就是伸不进去。 numbers 数字 13 [intransitive ] if a number will go intoanother number, it is contained in that number an exact number of times 除尽;除 (+ adj.) 3 into 12 goes 4 times. *3 除 12 得 4。 7 into 15 won't go. *7 除 15 除不尽。 ( NAmE) 7 into 15 doesn't go. *7 除 15 除不尽。 gointo sth 7 won't go into 15. *7 除不尽 15。 progress 进展 14 [intransitive ] + adv./prep. used to talk about how well or badly sth makes progress or succeeds (事情)进展,进行 ‘How did your interview go?’ ‘It went very well, thank you.’ “你面试的情况如何?”“非常顺利,谢谢。” Did everything go smoothly? 一切进行得都顺利吗? How's it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment)? 近况可好? The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year. 从事态发展的情况看,到年底公司就得破产。 state/condition 状态;状况 15 [intransitive ] used in many expressions to show that sb/sth has reached a particular state/is no longer in a particular state 进入…状态;处于…状况;脱离…状态 goto/into sth She went to sleep. 她睡着了。 goout of sth That colour has gone out of fashion. 那种颜色已不时兴了。 16 linking verb + adj. to become different in a particular way, especially a bad way 变成,变为,变得(尤指朝坏的方面) to go bald/blind/mad/bankrupt, etc. 谢顶、失明、发疯、破产等 Her hair is going grey. 她的头发日渐花白。 This milk has gone sour. 这牛奶馊了。 The children went wildwith excitement. 孩子们欣喜若狂。 synonyms at become 17 [intransitive ] + adj. to live or move around in a particular state (在某种状态下)生活,过活,移动 to go naked/barefoot 光着身子;赤着脚 She cannot bear the thought of children going hungry. 想到孩子们捱饿她就受不了。 18 [intransitive ] ~ unnoticed, unreported, etc. to not be noticed, reported, etc. 未被(注意到、报告等) Police are worried that many crimes go unreported. 警方感到不安的是许多罪行发生后无人报案。 song/story 歌曲;故事 19 [intransitive ,  transitive ] used to talk about what tune or words a song or poem has or what happens in a story (诗或歌中词、调)唱,说;(故事)发生情况如何 + adv./prep. How does that song go? 那首歌怎么唱? I forget how the next line goes. 我忘记下一行怎么说了。 gothat… The story goes that she's been married five times. 据传她结过五次婚。 sound/movement 声音;动作 20 [intransitive ] to make a particular sound or movement 发出(某种声音);做(某种动作) + noun The gun went ‘bang’. 枪“砰”的一声响了。 + adv./prep. She went like this with her hand. 她用手这样比画着。 21 [intransitive ] to be sounded as a signal or warning 发出信号(或警告) The whistle went for the end of the game. 比赛结束的哨声响了。 say 22 [transitive ] + speech ( informal) ( used when telling a story 讲故事时说 ) to say I asked ‘How much?’ and he goes, ‘Fifty’ and I go, ‘Fifty? You must be joking!’ 我问:“多少钱?”他回答说:“五十。”我又说:“五十?你是在开玩笑吧!” start 开始 23 [intransitive ] to start an activity 开始(活动) I'll say ‘One, two, three, go!’ as a signal for you to start. 我喊“一、二、三,开始!”作为你开始的信号。 As soon as he gets here we're ready to go. 他一到我们就可以开始。 machine 机器 24 [intransitive ] if a machine goes,it works 运行;运转;工作 This clock doesn't go. 这钟不走了。 disappear 消失 25 [intransitive ] to stop existing; to be lost or stolen 不复存在;不见了;丢失;失窃 SYN disappear Has your headache gone yet? 你还头痛吗? I left my bike outside the library and when I came out again it had gone. 我把自行车放在图书馆外面,出来时它就不翼而飞了。 be thrown out 被扔掉 26 [intransitive ] sb/sth must/has to/can ~ used to talk about wanting to get rid of sb/sth (必须或可以)辞掉(或扔掉、废弃) The old sofa will have to go. 那旧沙发该扔掉了。 He's useless—he'll have to go. 他毫无用处,得辞掉他。 not work 不起作用 27 [intransitive ] to get worse; to become damaged or stop working correctly 变坏;损坏;不起作用 Her sight is beginning to go. 她的视力开始下降。 His mind is going (= he is losing his mental powers). 他心智日衰。 I was driving home when my brakes went. 我正开车回家,突然刹车失灵了。 die 28 [intransitive ] to die. People say go to avoid saying die . 走(委婉说法,与 die 同义) You can't take your money with you when you go. 你不可能把钱带进棺材。 money 29 [intransitive ] when money goes,it is spent or used for sth 用于;花掉 I don't know where the money goes! 我不知道钱都花到什么地方去了! goon sth Most of my salary goes on the rent. 我大部份工资都花在房租上了。 goto do sth The money will go to finance a new community centre. 这笔钱将用于资助新的社区活动中心。 30 [intransitive ] go(to sb) (for sth) to be sold 被卖掉;被出售 We won't let the house go for less than $200 000. 这房子低于 20 万元我们是不会卖的。 There was usually some bread going cheap (= being sold cheaply)at the end of the day. 在收市前常常有些面包降价出售。 31 [intransitive ] + adv./prep. to be willing to pay a particular amount of money for sth 愿出价购买 He's offered £3 000 for the car and I don't think he'll go any higher. 他出价 3 000 英镑买这辆汽车,我看他不会愿意再多付了。 I'll go to $1 000 but that's my limit. 我愿意出 1 000 元,这可是最大限度了。 help 有助于 32 [intransitive ] goto do sth to help; to play a part in doing sth 有助于;促成;起作用 This all goes to prove my theory. 这一切都有助于证明我的说法是对的。 It (= what has just happened) just goes to showyou can't always tell how people are going to react. 这正好说明你不可能总是知道人们会如何反应。 be available 可得到 33 be going [intransitive ] ( informal) to be available 可得到;可买到;现成可用 There just aren't any jobs going in this area. 此地几乎没有工作可找。 time 时间 34 [intransitive ] + adv./prep. used to talk about how quickly or slowly time seems to pass 流逝;消逝;过去 Hasn't the time gone quickly? 时光过得真快,是不是? Half an hour went past while we were sitting there. 我们坐在那里,半个小时就这样过去了。 use toilet 用厕所 35 [intransitive ] ( informal) to use a toilet 用厕所;上厕所 Do you need to go, Billy? 你要上厕所吗,比利? IDIOMS Most idioms containing goare at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example go it aloneis at alone. 大多数含 go 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 go it alone 在词条 alone 下。 anything goes ( informal) anything that sb says or does is accepted or allowed, however shocking or unusual it may be 无奇不有;什么事都不新鲜 Almost anything goes these days. 这个年月几乎是无奇不有。 as people, things, etc. go in comparison with the average person, thing, etc. 和一般人(或事物等)相比 As teachers go, he's not bad. 和一般教师相比,他是不错的。 be going on (for) sth ( BrE) to be nearly a particular age, time or number 接近(或将近、快到)某一年龄(或时间、数字) It was going on (for) midnight. 快半夜了。 be going to do sth 1 used to show what sb intends to do in the future 打算做某事 We're going to buy a house when we've saved enough money. 我们打算攒够钱后买所房子。 2 used to show that sth is likely to happen very soon or in the future 快要发生某事;某事将要发生 I think I'm going to faint. 我看我快昏倒了。 If the drought continues there's going to be a famine. 如果旱灾继续下去很可能要发生饥荒。 don't go doing sth ( informal) used to tell or warn sb not to do sth (告诉或警告某人)别做某事 Don't go getting yourself into trouble. 别自惹麻烦。 enough/something to be going ˈon with ( BrE) something that is enough for a short time 暂且够用;足以应付一时 £50 should be enough to be going on with. *50 英镑该够应付一时半会儿的了。 go all ˈout for sth | go all out to ˈdo sth to make a very great effort to get sth or do sth 竭力获取某物;全力以赴做某事;鼓足干劲做某事 go and do sth used to show that you are angry or annoyed that sb has done sth stupid (对某人做了蠢事感到愤怒或烦恼)竟然干出某事,居然干出某事 Trust him to go and mess things up! 就知道他会把事情弄得一团糟! Why did you have to go and upset your mother like that? 你干吗非得让你母亲那样伤心呢? You've really gone and done it (= done sth very stupid)now! 你竟然干出这样的事来! go ˈoff on one ( BrE) ( informal) to suddenly become very angry 突然大怒;暴跳如雷 go ˈon (with you) ( old-fashioned) used to express the fact that you do not believe sth, or that you disapprove of sth (表示不相信或不赞同)去你的,我才不信呢 (have) a lot, nothing, etc. ˈgoing for you (to have) many/not many advantages 有(或没有)很多有利条件 You're young, intelligent, attractive—you have a lot going for you! 你年轻、聪明、漂亮,有利条件可多啦! ˌno ˈgo ( informal) not possible or allowed 不可能;不行;不允许 If the bank won't lend us the money it's no go, I'm afraid. 如果银行不愿贷款给我们,这恐怕就行不通了。 see also no-go area not (even) ˈgo there ( informal) used to say that you do not want to talk about sth in any more detail because you do not even want to think about it 不想细谈;甚至不愿想起 Don't ask me to choose. I don't want to go there. 别让我挑选。我连想都不愿想。 ‘There was a problem with his parents, wasn't there?’ ‘Don't even go there!’ “他的父母有问题,是不是?”“别往下说了!” to ˈgo 1 remaining; still left 剩下的;还有的 I only have one exam to go. 我只剩一门考试了。 2 ( NAmE) ( informal) if you buy cooked food to goin a restaurant or shop/store, you buy it to take away and eat somewhere else (食品)外卖的;带出餐馆(或商店)吃的 Two pizzas to go. 来两份比萨饼,带走。 what ˌgoes around ˈcomes around ( saying) 1 the way sb behaves towards other people will affect the way those people behave towards them in the future 你怎么待人,人就怎么待你 2 something that is not fashionable now will become fashionable again in the future 现在过时的还会再时兴起来;三十年河东,三十年河西 ˌwhere does sb ˌgo from ˈhere? used to ask what action sb should take, especially in order to improve the difficult situation that they are in (尤指为了改变困境而询问)下一步该怎么办,往下怎么做呢 ˌwho goes ˈthere? used by a soldier who is guarding a place to order sb to say who they are (哨兵喝问对方身分用语)谁,什么人 Halt, who goes there? 站住,什么人? PHRASAL VERBS ˌgo aˈbout ( BrE) = go around  (3 ) ˈgo about sth to continue to do sth; to keep busy with sth 继续做某事;忙于某事 Despite the threat of war, people went about their business as usual. 虽然战争在即,人们照常忙着自己的事。 ˌgo aˈbout sth to start working on sth 着手做某事;开始做某事 SYN tackle You're not going about the job in the right way. 你做这事的方法不对。 godoing sth How should I go about finding a job? 我该怎样着手找工作呢? ˌgo ˈafter sb to chase or follow sb 追赶某人;跟在某人后面 He went after the burglars. 他追赶那些窃贼。 She left the room in tears so I went after her. 她流着泪离开了房间,于是我跟着追了出去。 ˌgo ˈafter sb/sth to try to get sb/sth 追求某人;谋求某事(或某物) We're both going after the same job. 我们俩都在谋求同一份工作。 ˌgo aˈgainst sb to not be in sb's favour or not to their advantage 对某人不利;不利于某人 The jury's verdict went against him. 陪审团的裁定对他不利。 ˌgo aˈgainst sb/sth to resist or oppose sb/sth 反抗(或反对)某人(或某事);与…相背 He would not go against his parents' wishes. 他不会违背父母的意愿。 ˌgo aˈgainst sth to be opposed to sth; to not fit or agree with sth 违反;与…不符(或相反) Paying for hospital treatment goes against her principles. 拿钱到医院治病有违她的原则。 His thinking goes against all logic. 他的想法完全不合情理。 ˌgo aˈhead 1 to travel in front of other people in your group and arrive before them 走在前面;先走 I'll go ahead and tell them you're on the way. 我要先走一步,告诉他们你在路上。 2 to happen; to be done 发生;进行 SYN proceed The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned. 新桥的修建将按计划进行。 related noun go-ahead ˌgo aˈhead (with sth) to begin to do sth, especially when sb has given permission or has expressed doubts or opposition (尤指经某人允许,或有人表示怀疑或反对后)开始做,着手干 ‘May I start now?’ ‘Yes, go ahead.’ “我现在可以开始了吗?”“可以,开始吧。” The government intends to go ahead with its tax cutting plans 政府拟开始实施减税计划。 ˌgo aˈlong 1 to continue with an activity 继续 He made up the story as he went along. 这个故事是他现编现讲的。 2 to make progress; to develop 进展;发展 Things are going along nicely. 情况进展良好。 ˌgo aˈlong with sb/sth to agree with sb/sth 和某人观点一致;赞同某事 I don't go along with her views on private medicine. 在私人行医的问题上,我不敢苟同她的观点。 synonyms at agree ˌgo aˈround/ˈround 1 to spin or turn 旋转;转动 to go round in a circle 转圈 2 to be enough for everyone to have one or some 足够分给每个人;够每人一份 There aren't enough chairs to go around. 椅子不够坐。 3 ( BrE also ˌgo aˈbout ) to often be in a particular state or behave in a particular way 习惯于(某种状态或行动方式) She often goes around barefoot. 她常常光着脚到处跑。 godoing sth It's unprofessional to go round criticizing your colleagues. 总是指责同事,这不符合职业道德。 4 to spread from person to person 流传;传播 There's a rumour going around that they're having an affair. 谣传他们之间关系暧昧。 ˌgo aˈround/ˈround (to…) to visit sb or a place that is near 拜访(某人);访问,参观(附近某处) I went round to the post office. 我到邮局去了一趟。 I'm going around to my sister's (= her house)later. 我打算稍后到姐姐家去看看。 ˈgo at sb to attack sb 攻击某人 They went at each other furiously. 他们相互猛烈攻击。 ˈgo at sth to make great efforts to do sth; to work hard at sth 拚命干;卖力干 They went at the job as if their lives depended on it. 他们干起活来好像性命攸关似的。 ˌgo aˈway 1 to leave a person or place 走开;离开 Just go away! 走开! Go away and think about it, then let me know. 到一边去想一想,然后再告诉我。 2 to leave home for a period of time, especially for a holiday/vacation 离家外出(尤指度假) They've gone away for a few days. 他们已外出几天了。 I'm going away on business. 我要出趟差。 3 to disappear 消失 The smell still hasn't gone away. 气味还没散尽。 ˌgo ˈback if two people go backa period of time (usually a long time), they have known each other for that time 相识,已认识(一段时间) Dave and I go back twenty years. 我和戴夫相识有二十年了。 ˌgo ˈback (to…) to return to a place 回到,返回(某地) She doesn't want to go back to her husband (= to live with him again). 她不想回到丈夫的身边了。 This toaster will have to go back (= be taken back to the shop/store where it was bought)—it's faulty. 这烤面包机得退回去,它有毛病。 Of course we want to go back some day—it's our country, our real home. 我们当然希望有一天能回去,那是我们的祖国,我们真正的家。 synonyms at return ˌgo ˈback (to sth) 1 to consider sth that happened or was said at an earlier time 回忆起;回到(原来的话题) Can I go back to what you said at the beginning of the meeting? 我想回到你在会议开始时所提的话题,行吗? Once you have made this decision, there will be no going back (= you will not be able to change your mind). 你一旦作出这个决定就不能改变。 2 to have existed since a particular time or for a particular period 追溯到;回溯到 Their family goes back to the time of the Pilgrim Fathers. 他们家族的渊源可追溯到清教徒前辈移民时代。 ˌgo ˈback on sth to fail to keep a promise; to change your mind about sth 违约;食言;改变主意 He never goes back on his word (= never fails to do what he has said he will do). 他从不食言。 ˌgo ˈback to sth to start doing sth again that you had stopped doing 重新开始;重操旧业 The kids go back to school next week. 孩子们下周开学。 godoing sth She's decided to go back to teaching. 她已决定重新执教。 ˌgo beˈfore to exist or happen in an earlier time 居先;先前存在;以往发生 The present crisis is worse than any that have gone before. 目前的危机比以往任何一次危机都严重。 ˈgo before sb/sth to be presented to sb/sth for discussion, decision or judgement 提交给…讨论(或决定、裁决) My application goes before the planning committee next week. 我的申请下周提交计划委员会审批。 ˌgo beˈyond sth to be more than sth 超过(或超出)某事 SYN exceed This year's sales figures go beyond all our expectations (= are much better than we thought they would be). 今年的销售额大大超过我们的预计。 ˌgo ˈby (of time 时间 ) to pass 流逝;过去 Things will get easier as time goes by. 随着时间的推移情况会有所改善。 The weeks went slowly by. 时间一周周慢慢地过去了。 ˈgo by sth to be guided by sth; to form an opinion from sth 遵循(或依照)某事;以某事来判断 That's a good rule to go by. 那是要遵守的好规则。 Ifpast experience is anything to go by,they'll be late. 凭以往的经验看,他们会迟到的。 ˌgo ˈdown 1 to fall to the ground 倒下;落下;倒在地上 She tripped and went down with a bump. 她绊了一下,重重地倒在地上。 2 if a ship, etc. goes down,it disappears below the water (船等)下沉,沉没 SYN sink 3 when the sun or moon goes down,it disappears below the horizon (日、月)落到地平线下,落下 SYN set 4 if food or drink will/will not go down,it is easy/difficult to swallow (食物、饮料)被吞下,被咽下,被喝下 A glass of wine would go down very nicely (= I would very much like one). 喝一杯葡萄酒就太痛快了。 5 if the price of sth, the temperature, etc. goes down,it becomes lower (物价等)下跌;(温度等)下降 SYN fall The price of oil is going down. 油价正在下跌。 Oil is going down in price. 石油正在跌价。 OPP go up 6 ( informal) to get worse in quality (质量)下降 The neighbourhood has gone down a lot recently. 近来这一带地方已远不如从前了。 7 ( computing ) to stop working temporarily 暂停作业;暂停运行 The system is going down in ten minutes. 这个系统十分钟后要暂停运行。 8 ( NAmE) ( informal) to happen 发生 You really don't know what's going down? 你真的不知道发生了什么事? ˌgo ˈdown (from…) ( BrE) ( formal) to leave a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the end of a term or after finishing your studies (大学学期结束或毕业时)离校(尤指牛津或剑桥) OPP go up (to…) ˌgo ˈdown (in sth) to be written in sth; to be recorded or remembered in sth 被写下;被记下;载入 It all goes down (= she writes it all)in her notebook. 那些东西全记在她的笔记本上。 He will go down in historyas a great statesman. 他将以伟大的政治家名垂青史。 ˌgo ˈdown (on sb) ( slang) to perform oralsex on sb (= to use the mouth to give sb sexual pleasure) (为某人)进行口交 ˌgo ˈdown (to sb) to be defeated by sb, especially in a game or competition (尤指游戏或比赛中)被击败 Italy went down to Brazil by three goals to one. 意大利队以一比三输给了巴西队。 ˌgo ˈdown (to…) (from…) to go from one place to another, especially further south or from a city or large town to a smaller place (从一处)到(另一处)(尤指南下或从城市、大城镇到小地方) They've gone down to Brighton for a couple of days. 他们已南下到布赖顿去待几天。 OPP go up ˌgo ˈdown (with sb) to be received in a particular way by sb 受到(某人的…)对待;被接受 The suggestion didn't go down very well with her boss. 她的老板对这个建议不太感兴趣。 ˌgo ˈdown with sth ( especially BrE) to become ill/sick with sth 患…病;感染上…病 SYN catch Our youngest boy has gone down with chickenpox. 我们的小儿子染上了水痘。 ˈgo for sb to attack sb 袭击某人;抨击(或攻击)某人 She went for him with a knife. 她手持尖刀向他刺去。 ˈgo for sb/sth 1 to apply to sb/sth 适用于某人(或某事物) What I said about Peter goes for you, too. 我说的关于彼得的话也适用于你。 They have a high level of unemployment—but the same goes formany other countries. 他们的失业率很高,不过,其他许多国家也是如此。 2 to go to a place and bring sb/sth back 去带回某人;去取回某物 She's gone for some milk. 她买些牛奶去了。 3 ( informal) to be attracted by sb/sth; to like or prefer sb/sth 被…所吸引;(更)喜欢某人(或某事物) She goes for tall slim men. 她喜欢瘦高个子的男人。 I don't really go for modern art. 我并不是很喜欢现代艺术。 ˈgo for sth 1 to choose sth 选择某物 I think I'll go for the fruit salad. 我想要水果色拉。 synonyms at choose 2 to put a lot of effort into sth, so that you get or achieve sth 努力争取某事物 Go for it,John! You know you can beat him. 努力争取吧,约翰!你知道你是可以打败他的。 It sounds a great idea. Go for it! 这听起来是个极好的主意。努力去实现吧! ˌgo ˈin 1 to enter a room, house, etc. 进入室内;进去 Let's go in, it's getting cold. 我们进屋去吧,天冷了。 2 if the sun or moon goes in,it disappears behind a cloud (日、月)被乌云遮住 ˌgo ˈin for sth 1 ( BrE) to take an exam or enter a competition 参加考试(或竞赛) She's going in for the Cambridge First Certificate. 她打算参加剑桥初级证书考试。 2 to have sth as an interest or a hobby 对某事物有兴趣;爱好 She doesn't go in for team sports. 她不喜欢团体运动。 ˌgo ˈin with sb to join sb in starting a business 与某人合伙;与某人联合办企业 My brothers are opening a garage and they want me to go in with them. 我的几个兄弟要开办一个汽车修理厂,想让我与他们合伙干。 ˌgo ˈinto sth 1 (of a vehicle 交通工具 ) to hit sth violently 猛烈地撞上某物 The car skidded and went into a tree. 汽车打滑,猛地撞到树上。 2 (of a vehicle or driver 交通工具或驾驶员 ) to start moving in a particular way 开始某种动作 The plane went into a nosedive. 飞机开始俯冲。 3 to join an organization, especially in order to have a career in it 加入某组织;从事某职业 to go into the Army/the Church/Parliament 参军;加入教会;当议会议员 to go into teaching 执教 4 to begin to do sth or behave in a particular way (以某种方式)开始做某事;开始某种表现 He went into a long explanation of the affair. 他开始长篇大论地解释起那件事来。 5 to examine sth carefully 详细调查(或研究)某事 We need to go into the question of costs. 我们需要研究一下费用问题。 6 (of money, time, effort, etc. 金钱、时间、精力等 ) to be spent on sth or used to do sth 投入某事;用于某事 More government money needs to go into the project. 政府需对此工程投入更多的资金。 godoing sth Years of work went into researching the book. 多年的工夫全花在对这本书的研究上了。 ˌgo ˈoff 1 to leave a place, especially in order to do sth 离开(尤指去做某事) She went off to get a drink. 她拿饮料去了。 2 to be fired; to explode 开火;爆炸 The gun went off by accident. 枪走火了。 The bomb went off in a crowded street. 炸弹在挤满人群的大街上爆炸了。 synonyms at explode 3 if an alarm, etc. goes off,it makes a sudden loud noise (警报器等)突然发出巨响 4 if a light, the electricity, etc. goes off,it stops working (电灯)熄灭;(电)中断;停止运行 Suddenly the lights went off. 灯突然熄灭了。 The heating goes off at night. 暖气夜间停止供热。 OPP go on 5 ( BrE) ( informal) to fall asleep 入睡;睡着 Hasn't the baby gone off yet? 孩子还没睡着吗? 6 ( BrE) if food or drink goes off,it becomes bad and not fit to eat or drink (食物、饮料)变质,变坏 7 ( BrE) to get worse in quality (质量)下降 Her books have gone off in recent years. 她近年写的书质量下降了。 8 to happen in a particular way (以某种方式)发生 The meeting went off well. 会议进行得很好。 ˌgo ˈoff (on sb) ( NAmE) ( informal) to suddenly become angry with sb 突然生(某人的)气 ˌgo ˈoff sb/sth ( BrE) ( informal) to stop liking sb/sth or lose interest in them 不再喜欢某人(或某事物);失去对…的兴趣 Jane seems to be going off Paul. 简好像不再喜欢保罗了。 I've gone off beer. 我对啤酒已不感兴趣。 ˌgo ˈoff with sb to leave your husband, wife, partner, etc. in order to have a relationship with sb else 抛弃原有伴侣等而与另外的某人相好;与某人私奔 He went off with his best friend's wife. 他和最要好的朋友的妻子走了。 ˌgo ˈoff with sth to take away from a place sth that does not belong to you 携他人之物而去 He went off with $10 000 of the company's money. 他卷走了公司 1 万元钱。 ˌgo ˈon 1 when a performer goes on,they begin their performance (演员)上场,出场 She doesn't go on until Act 2. 她要到第 2 幕才出场。 2 (in sport 体育运动 ) to join a team as a substituteduring a game (比赛中)以替补队员身分上场 Walcott went on in place of Rooney just before half-time. 就在上半场结束前沃尔科特上场替下了鲁尼。 3 when a light, the electricity, etc. goes on,it starts to work (灯)亮;通(电);开始运行 Suddenly all the lights went on. 突然所有的灯都亮了。 OPP go off 4 (of time 时间 ) to pass 流逝;过去 She became more and more talkative as the evening went on. 夜渐深,她的话越来越多。 5 ( usuallybe going on ) to happen 发生 What's going onhere? 这儿出了什么事? 6 if a situation goes on,it continues without changing (情况、形势)继续下去,持续 This cannot be allowed to go on. 决不允许这种情况继续下去。 How much longer will this hot weather go on for? 这样炎热的天气还会持续多久? We can't go on like this—we seem to be always arguing. 我们不能这样继续下去,我们似乎老是争吵不休。 7 to continue speaking, often after a short pause (常指短暂停顿后)继续说 She hesitated for a moment and then went on. 她犹豫了一会儿,然后继续往下说。 + speech ‘You know,’ he went on, ‘I think my brother could help you.’ “嗯,”他接着说,“我想我哥哥可以帮助你。” 8 used to encourage sb to do sth (用于鼓励)来吧 Go on! Have another drink! 来吧!再喝一杯! Go on—jump! 来呀,跳吧! ˌgo ˈon (ahead) to travel in front of sb else 先走一步;先行 You go on ahead—I'll catch you up in a few minutes. 你先走,我一会儿就赶上来。 ˈgo on sth ( used in negative sentences and questions 用于否定句和疑问句 ) to base an opinion or a judgement on sth 以…为依据;根据…来判断 The police don't have much to go on. 警方没多少依据。 ˌgo ˈon (about sb/sth) ( informal) to talk about sb/sth for a long time, especially in a boring or complaining way 唠叨;没完没了地抱怨 He went on and onabout how poor he was. 他没完没了地哭穷。 She does go on sometimes! 她有时就是唠叨个没完! ˌgo ˈon (at sb) ( informal) ( especially BrE) to complain to sb about their behaviour, work, etc. 埋怨;数落;指责 SYN criticize She goes on at him continually. 她老是责备他。 ˌgo ˈon (with sth) to continue an activity, especially after a pause or break (尤指停顿或中断之后)继续做(某事) That's enough for now—let's go on with it tomorrow. 现在就到这里,咱们明天再继续吧。 ˌgo ˈon doing sth to continue an activity without stopping 不停地做某事 He said nothing but just went on working. 他什么都不说,只是不停地干活。 ˌgo ˈon to sth to pass from one item to the next 进而转入另外一件事;接着开始另一个项目 Let's go on to the next item on the agenda. 咱们接着讨论下一项议程吧。 ˌgo ˈon to do sth to do sth after completing sth else (完成某事后)接着做另一事 The book goes on to describe his experiences in the army. 本书继而描述了他在部队的经历。 ˌgo ˈout 1 to leave your house to go to a social event 出门参加社交活动;外出交际;外出娱乐 She goes out a lot. 她经常外出参加社交活动。 godoing sth He goes out drinking most evenings. 他晚上多半在外喝酒。 2 when the tide goes out,it moves away from the land 退潮;落潮 SYN ebb OPP come in 3 to be sent 送出;发出;派出 Have the invitations gone out yet? 请柬发出去了吗? 4 ( BrE) when a radio or television programme goes out,it is broadcast (广播或电视节目)播放,播出 5 when news or information goes out,it is announced or published (新闻或消息)发布,公布,发表 gothat… Word went out that the director had resigned 局长已经辞职的消息公开了。 6 if a fire or light goes out,it stops burning or shining (火或灯光)熄灭 ˌgo ˈout (of sth) 1 to fail to reach the next stage of a competition, etc. (竞赛等中)被淘汰,出局 She went out of the tournament in the first round. 她在锦标赛的第一轮比赛中就被淘汰了。 2 to be no longer fashionable or generally used 过时;不再流行 Those skirts went out years ago. 那些裙子多年前就不时兴了。 ˌgo ˈout of sb/sth (of a quality or a feeling 品质或情感 ) to be no longer present in sb/sth; to disappear from sb/sth 在…中不复存在;从…中消失 All the fight seemed to go out of him. 他身上的所有斗志似乎都已丧失殆尽。 ˌgo ˈout to sb if your thoughts, etc. go out to sb,you think about them in a kind way and hope that the difficult situation that they are in will get better 对某人产生同情(及寄予良好的祝愿) go ˈout with sb | ˌgo ˈout (together) (especially of young people 尤指年轻人 ) to spend time with sb and have a romantic or sexual relationship with them 与某人谈恋爱(或有性关系) Tom has been going out with Lucy for six weeks. 汤姆与露西相恋六周了。 How long have Tom and Lucy been going out together? 汤姆和露西相恋多久了? ˌgo ˈover sth 1 to examine or check sth carefully 仔细检查(或审查、查阅)某事 Go over your work before you hand it in. 把作业仔细检查后再交。 synonyms at check 2 to study sth carefully, especially by repeating it 反复研究;仔细琢磨 He went over the events of the day in his mind (= thought about them carefully). 他心里反复琢磨白天发生的事。 ˌgo ˈover (to…) to move from one place to another, especially when this means crossing sth such as a room, town or city 从一处到(另一处) He went over and shook hands with his guests. 他走过去与客人们握手。 Many Irish people went over to America during the famine. 许多爱尔兰人在饥荒时期迁徙到美国。 ˌgo ˈover to sb/sth (in broadcasting 广播 ) to change to a different person or place for the next part of a broadcast 切换到另一人物(或地点) We are now going over to the news desk for an important announcement. 我们现在转换到新闻部宣布一则重要消息。 ˌgo ˈover to sth to change from one side, opinion, habit, etc. to another 转向另一立场(或见解、习惯等) Two Conservative MPs have gone over to the Liberal Democrats. 两名保守党议员已转向自由民主党人一边。 ˌgo ˈover (with sb) ( NAmE) to be received in a particular way by sb 受到(某人的…)对待 The news of her promotion went over well with her colleagues. 她晋升的消息一传开,同事都为她高兴。 ˌgo ˈround = go around ˌgo ˈround (to…) = go around (to…) ˌgo ˈthrough if a law, contract, etc. goes through,it is officially accepted or completed (法律、合同等正式)通过,接受,达成 The deal did not go through. 这笔交易未谈成。 go through sth 1 to look at or examine sth carefully, especially in order to find sth 仔细察看某事物;检查某事物;审查某事物 I always start the day by going through my email. 我每天第一件事就是要查阅电子邮件。 She went through the company's accounts, looking for evidence of fraud. 她仔细审查公司的账目,寻找诈骗的证据。 2 to study or consider sth in detail, especially by repeating it (尤指反复地)详细研究,仔细琢磨 Let's go through the arguments again. 咱们再详细研究一下这些论据吧。 Could we go through (= practise)Act 2 once more? 我们把第 2 幕戏再串一次好吗? 3 to perform a series of actions; to follow a method or procedure 执行某行动;实行某方法;履行某程序 Certain formalities have to be gone through before you can emigrate. 必须办理一定的手续方能移居他国。 4 to experience or suffer sth 经历;遭受 She's been going through a bad patch recently. 她最近很不走运。 He's amazingly cheerful considering all he's had to go through. 经历了种种磨难,他还那么乐观,令人惊叹。 5 to use up or finish sth completely 用完;耗尽 The boys went through two whole loaves of bread. 这些男孩把整整两条面包吃得精光。 ˌgo ˈthrough with sth to do what is necessary to complete a course of action, especially one that is difficult or unpleasant 完成艰难(或令人不快)的事 She decided not to go through with (= not to have)the operation. 她决定不动手术。 ˈgo to sb/sth to be given to sb/sth 由…得到;被授予某人 Proceeds from the concert will go to charity. 音乐会的收入将捐赠给慈善事业。 All her property went to her eldest son (= when she died). (她死后)全部财产由她的长子继承了。 ˌgo toˈgether = go with sth  (3 ), ( 4 ) ˈgo towards sth to be used as part of the payment for sth 用于支付…的部份款项;作为对…的部份付款 The money will go towards a new car. 这笔钱将用于支付新车的部份款项。 godoing sth Part of my pay cheque went towards buying an MP3 player. 我的部份工资用于买 MP3 播放器了。 ˌgo ˈunder 1 (of sth that floats 漂浮的东西 ) to sink below the surface 沉下去;沉没 2 ( informal) to become bankrupt (= be unable to pay what you owe) 破产 The firm will go under unless business improves. 生意若无起色,这家公司将会倒闭。 ˌgo ˈup 1 to be built 被兴建;被建造 New office buildings are going up everywhere. 到处都在兴建新办公楼。 2 when the curtain across the stage in a theatre goes up,it is raised or opened (剧院幕布)升起 3 to be destroyed by fire or an explosion 被烧毁;被炸毁 The whole building went up in flames. 整座楼房在大火中焚毁。 4 if the price of sth, the temperature, etc. goes up,it becomes higher (物价等)上涨;(温度等)上升 SYN rise The price of cigarettes is going up. 香烟价格在上涨。 Cigarettes are going up in price. 香烟在涨价。 OPP go down ˌgo ˈup (to…) ( BrE) ( formal) to arrive at a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the beginning of a term or in order to begin your studies (大学开学时)到校上学(尤指牛津和剑桥) OPP go down (from…) ˌgo ˈup (to…) (from…) to go from one place to another, especially further north or to a city or large town from a smaller place (从一处)到(另一处)(尤指北上或从小地方到城市或大城镇) When are you next going up to Scotland? 你下次什么时候北上苏格兰? We went up to London last weekend. 我们上周末上伦敦去了。 OPP go down ˈgo with sb 1 ( old-fashioned, informal) to have a sexual or romantic relationship with sb 与某人有性关系;与某人谈恋爱 2 ( informal) to have sex with sb 与某人性交 ˈgo with sth 1 to be included with or as part of sth 是…的一部份;附属于 A car goes with the job. 这份工作配有一辆汽车。 2 to agree to accept sth, for example a plan or an offer 同意,接受(计划、报价等) You're offering £500? I think we can go with that. 你出价 500 英镑?我想我们可以接受。 3 ( also go (together) ) to combine well with sth 与某物相配(或协调、和谐) SYN match Does this jacket go with this skirt? 这件上衣与这条裙子相配吗? Those colours don't really go (together). 那些颜色并不十分协调。 4 ( also ˌgo toˈgether ) to exist at the same time or in the same place as sth; to be found together 与某事同时(或同地)存在;与某事相伴而生 Disease often goes with poverty. 疾病与贫穷常常相伴而生。 Disease and poverty often go together. 疾病与贫穷常常相伴而生。 ˌgo wiˈthout (sth) to manage without sth that you usually have or need 没有…而勉强应付;没有…也行 There wasn't time for breakfast, so I had to go without. 没有时间吃早饭,我也只好不吃了。 How long can a human being go (= survive)without sleep? 人不睡觉能活多久? godoing sth She went without eating for three days. 她三天没吃东西。 noun ( plural goes / ɡəʊz ; NAmE ɡoʊz / ) 1 [countable ] ( BrE) ( also turn NAmE, BrE ) a person's turn to move or play in a game or an activity (游戏或活动中)轮到的机会 Whose go is it? 轮到谁了? It's your go. 轮到你啦。 ‘How much is it to play?’ ‘It's 50p a go.’ “玩这游戏多少钱?”“ 50 便士一回。” Can I have a go onyour new bike? 我能骑骑你的新自行车吗? 2 [countable ] ( BrE) ( also try NAmE, BrE ) an attempt at doing sth (做某事的)尝试,一番努力 It took three goes to get it right. 试了三次才把它弄好。 I doubt if he'll listen to advice from me, but I'll give it a go (= I'll try but I don't think I will succeed). 我怀疑他是不是会听我劝,不过我想试试看。 3 [uncountable ] ( BrE) energy and enthusiasm 精力;活力;热情;干劲 Mary's always got plenty of go. 玛丽总是精力充沛。 see also get-up-and-go IDIOMS at one ˈgo ( BrE) in one single attempt or try 一下子;一举;一口气 She blew out the candles at one go. 她一口气把蜡烛全吹灭了。 be a ˈgo ( NAmE) ( informal) to be planned and possible or allowed 可行;得到允许 I'm not sure if Friday's trip is a go. 我说不准星期五是否能成行。 be all ˈgo ( BrE) ( informal) to be very busy or full of activity 忙得要命;事儿特别多;手忙脚乱 It was all go in the office today. 今天办公室里忙得要死。 be on the ˈgo ( also be on the ˈmove ) ( informal) to be very active and busy 十分活跃;非常忙碌 I've been on the go all day. 我一整天忙得马不停蹄。 Having four children keeps her on the go. 她那四个孩子把她忙得不可开交。 first, second, etc. ˈgo ( BrE) at the first, second, etc. attempt 第一次(或第二次等)尝试 I passed my driving test first go. 我考驾照一次就通过了。 have a ˈgo ( informal) ( especially BrE) to attack sb physically (对身体)攻击,袭击 There were about seven of them standing round him, all waiting to have a go. 他们大约有七个人把他围起来,个个都等着下手。 have a ˈgo (at sth/at doing sth) to make an attempt to do sth 尝试,试图(做某事) ‘I can't start the engine.’ ‘Let me have a go.’ “这发动机我发动不起来了。”“让我来试试。” I'll have a go at fixing it tonight. 我今晚来试修一下。 have a ˈgo at sb ( informal) ( BrE) to criticize sb or complain about sb 指责,克(某人) The boss had a go at me for being late for work. 我上班迟到,老板克了我一顿。 have sth on the ˈgo ( BrE) ( informal) to be in the middle of an activity or a project 正忙于(活动或计划) The award-winning novelist often has three or four books on the go at once. 那位获奖小说家经常是三四部小说同时写的。 in one ˈgo ( informal) all together on one occasion 一举;一下子 I'd rather do the journey in one go, and not stop on the way. 我宁愿一次走完全程,中途不停。 They ate the packet of biscuits all in one go. 他们一下子把那包饼干全吃光了。 make a ˈgo of sth ( informal) to be successful in sth 在…方面成功(或有所成就) We've had a few problems in our marriage, but we're both determined to make a go of it. 我们的婚姻有过一些问题,但现在我们俩都决心好好过日子。 more at leave v. , let v. go / ɡəʊ ; NAmE ɡoʊ / goes / ɡəʊz ; NAmE ɡoʊz / went / went ; NAmE went / gone / ɡɒn ; NAmE ɡɔːn /
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