say 英 [seɪ]   美 [se]


say  英 [seɪ] 美 [se]

vt. 讲;说明;  vi. 讲;  vi. 讲; 

进行时:saying  过去式:said  过去分词:said  第三人称单数:says  名词复数:says 

‘Hello!’ she said. “你好!”她说。
I didn't believe a word she said. 她说的话我一句都不信。

  • To have your say means to get an opportunity to deliver your opinion on something. If you're at a loud and hostile town council meeting, you might not get a chance to have your say unless you shout it.
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  • vt. 讲;说明;
  • vi. 讲;
  • vi. 讲;
  • 1. ‘Hello!’ she said.


  • 2. I didn't believe a word she said.


  • 3. She said nothing to me about it.


  • 4. I say (= suggest)we go without them.


say / seɪ ; NAmE seɪ / verb , noun , exclamation say says said saying verb ( says / sez ; NAmE sez / said , said / sed ; NAmE sed / ) speak 1 [intransitive ,  transitive ] to speak or tell sb sth, using words 说;讲;告诉 + speech ‘Hello!’ she said. “你好!”她说。 ‘That was marvellous,’ said Daniel. “好极了。”丹尼尔说。 HELP  In stories the subject often comes after said, saysor saywhen it follows the actual words spoken, unless it is a pronoun. 在故事、小说中用于直接引语后面时,往往先出 said、says 或 say,再出主语,除非主语是代词。 saysth Be quiet, I have something to say. 安静,我有话要说。 I didn't believe a word she said. 她说的话我一句都不信。 That's a terrible thing to say. 这话说不得。 He knew that if he wasn't back by midnight, his parents would have something to say about it (= be angry). 他知道,要是他半夜还不回去,父母就会不高兴。 saysth to sb She said nothing to me about it. 她没有跟我说过这件事。 sayto sb/yourself + speech I said to myself (= thought),‘That can't be right!’ 我心里想:“这不对呀!” say(that)… He said (that) his name was Sam. 他说他叫萨姆。 it is said that… It is said that she lived to be over 100. 据说她活了 100 多岁。 say(what, how, etc…) She finds it hard to say what she feels. 她觉得心里的感受难以言述。 ‘That's impossible!’ ‘ So you say (= but I think you may be wrong). “这不可能!”“不见得。” ‘Why can't I go out now?’ ‘Because I say so. “为什么现在不让我出去?”“因为我说了算。” ‘What do you want it for?’ ‘ I'd rather not say. “你要这做什么?”“我还是不说的好。” sayto do sth He said to meet him here. 他说来这儿跟他见面。 sb/sth is said to be/have sth He is said to have been a brilliant scholar. 据说他曾是个了不起的学者。 repeat words 复述 2 [transitive ] saysth to repeat words, phrases, etc. 念;朗诵;背诵 to say a prayer 诵读经文 Try to say that line with more conviction. 朗诵这一句时语气要更加坚定。 express opinion 表达见解 3 [transitive ,  intransitive ] to express an opinion on sth 表达,表述(见解) saysth Say what you like (= although you disagree)about her, she's a fine singer. 随你怎么说,反正她唱歌唱得很好。 I'll say this for them,they're a very efficient company. 我要为他们说句公道话,他们公司的效率的确很高。 Anna thinks I'm lazy— what do you say (= what is your opinion)? 安娜觉得我懒,你说呢? say(that)… I can't say I blameher for resigning (= I think she was right). 她辞职,我不能说她不对。 I say (= suggest)we go without them. 依我说,我们自己去,不带他们。 I wouldn't saythey were rich (= in my opinion they are not rich). 要我说的话,他们并不富裕。 That's not to sayit's a bad movie (= it is good but it is not without faults). 并不是说这部电影很糟糕。 say(what, how, etc…) It's hard to saywhat caused the accident. 很难说造成事故的原因是什么。 ‘When will it be finished?’ ‘ I couldn't say (= I don't know). “什么时候能完?”“不好说。” give example 举例 4 [transitive ,  no passive ] to suggest or give sth as an example or a possibility 比方说;假设 saysth/sb You could learn the basics in, let's say,three months. 比方说,三个月你就可以掌握基本知识。 Let's take any writer, say (= for example)Dickens… 我们随便举一个作家为例,比如说狄更斯… say(that)… Say you lose your job: what would you do then? 假设你把工作丢了,那你怎么办呢? show thoughts/feelings 表明思想╱感情 5 [transitive ] saysth (to sb) to make thoughts, feelings, etc. clear to sb by using words, looks, movements, etc. 表明,显示,表达(思想、感情) His angry glance said it all. 他那愤愤的一瞥就道出了一切。 That says it allreally, doesn't it? (= it shows clearly what is true) 这实际上就说明了一切,是不是? Just what is the artist trying to say in her work? 这位艺术家究竟要在作品中表现什么呢? give written information 标示 6 [transitive ,  no passive ] (of sth that is written or can be seen 书面材料或可见的东西 ) to give particular information or instructions 提供信息;指示 + speech The notice said ‘Keep Out’. 告示上写着“禁止入内”。 saysth The clock said three o'clock. 时钟显示三点整。 say(that)… The instructions say (that) we should leave it to set for four hours. 说明书上说我们应让它凝结四小时。 saywhere, why, etc… The book doesn't say where he was born. 书上没说他是在哪儿出生的。 sayto do sth The guidebook says to turn left. 旅游指南上说应向左拐。 IDIOMS before you can say Jack ˈRobinson ( old-fashioned) very quickly; in a very short time 转瞬间;一刹那;说时迟,那时快 ˌgo without ˈsaying to be very obvious or easy to predict 不用说;显而易见 Of course I'll help you. That goes without saying. 我当然会帮你。这还用说吗? have something, nothing, etc. to ˈsay for yourself to be ready, unwilling, etc. to talk or give your views on sth 有话(或没什么等)要说 She doesn't have much to say for herself (= doesn't take part in conversation). 她没多少要说的。 He had plenty to say for himself (= he had a lot of opinions and was willing to talk). 他有一肚子的话要说。 Late again—what have you got to say for yourself (= what is your excuse)? 又迟到了,这回你有什么借口呢? ˌhaving ˈsaid that ( informal) used to introduce an opinion that makes what you have just said seem less strong (用以缓和语气)虽然这么说,话虽如此 I sometimes get worried in this job. Having said that, I enjoy doing it, it's a challenge. 我有时会为这份工作而感到忧虑。话虽如此,我还是满喜欢干的,因为这是一个挑战。 ˈI'll say! ( old-fashioned, informal) used for emphasis to say ‘yes’ (明确表示肯定)当然,我敢说,没错 ‘Does she see him often?’ ‘I'll say! Nearly every day.’ “她常去找他吗?”“没错!差不多天天去。” I ˈmust say ( informal) used to emphasize an opinion (强调所发表的意见) Well, I must say, that's the funniest thing I've heard all week. 嘿,听我说,这是我整整一周听到的最好笑的事情。 ˌI ˈsay ( old-fashioned) ( BrE informal) 1 used to express surprise, shock, etc. (表示惊奇、震惊等) I say! What a huge cake! 乖乖!多大的一个蛋糕啊! 2 used to attract sb's attention or introduce a new subject of conversation (用以引起注意或引出新的话题) I say, can you lend me five pounds? 我说,你能借我五英镑吗? it says a ˈlot, very ˈlittle, etc. for sb/sth ( informal) it shows a good/bad quality that sb/sth has 说明某人(或某事物)很好(或不怎么样等) It says a lot for her that she never lost her temper. 她从没发过脾气,这说明她很有涵养。 It didn't say much for their efficiency that the order arrived a week late. 订货晚到了一个星期,可见他们的效率难以恭维。 I ˌwouldn't say ˈno (to sth) ( informal) used to say that you would like sth or to accept sth that is offered (表示想要或愿意接受某物) I wouldn't say no to a pizza. 我倒是想来块比萨饼。 ‘Tea, Brian?’ ‘I wouldn't say no.’ “要喝茶吗,布赖恩?”“好哇。” ˌleast ˈsaid ˌsoonest ˈmended ( BrE) ( saying) a bad situation will pass or be forgotten most quickly if nothing more is said about it 只要没人再说,事情就会过去 the less/least said the ˈbetter the best thing to do is say as little as possible about sth 少说为妙 ˌnever say ˈdie ( saying) do not stop hoping 别泄气;别气馁;不言放弃 not say boo to a ˈgoose ( BrE) ( NAmE not say boo to ˈanyone ) to be very shy or gentle 非常胆怯;十分温和 He's so nervous he wouldn't say boo to a goose. 他紧张得连大气都不敢喘。 ˈnot to say used to introduce a stronger way of describing sth (引出语气更重的描述)即使不是…,虽不能说… a difficult, not to say impossible, task 即便不是办不到,也是难办到的一项任务 say ˈcheese used to ask sb to smile before you take their photograph (照相前请人微笑时说)“茄子” say ˈno (to sth) to refuse an offer, a suggestion, etc. 拒绝;否定 If you don't invest in this, you're saying no to a potential fortune. 你如果不在这上面投资,那是存心不想发财。 ˌsay no ˈmore ( informal) used to say that you understand exactly what sb means or is trying to say, so it is unnecessary to say anything more 我早知道了;还用你说 ‘They went to Paris together.’ ‘Say no more!’ “他们一起去了巴黎。”“我早知道了!” ˌsay your ˈpiece to say exactly what you feel or think 说出心里话 say ˈwhat? ( NAmE) ( informal) used to express surprise at what sb has just said (表示惊奇)你说什么 ‘He's getting married.’ ‘Say what?’ “他快结婚了。”“你说什么?” say ˈwhen used to ask sb to tell you when you should stop pouring a drink or serving food for them because they have enough (给饮料或食物时说)够了请说一声 ˈthat is to say in other words 换句话说;也就是说 three days from now, that is to say on Friday 三天以后,也就是说星期五 that's not ˈsaying much used to say that sth is not very unusual or special 也没什么了不起;这说明不了什么 She's a better player than me, but that's not saying much (= because I am a very bad player). 她比我高明,但那也没什么了不起(因为我很差)。 that ˈsaid used to introduce an opinion that makes what you have just said seem less strong (用以缓和语气)话虽如此 there's no ˈsaying used to say that it is impossible to predict what might happen 说不准;很难说 There's no saying how he'll react. 很难说他会有何种反应。 there's something, not much, etc. to be said for sth/doing sth there are/are not good reasons for doing sth, believing sth or agreeing with sth 有(或没有太多等)理由去做(或相信、同意)某事 to ˌsay the ˈleast without exaggerating at all 毫不夸张地说 I was surprised, to say the least. 毫不夸张地说,我感到吃惊。 to say ˈnothing of sth used to introduce a further fact or thing in addition to those already mentioned 更不用说…;而且还 SYN not to mention It was too expensive, to say nothing of the time it wasted. 这太贵了,更不用说它浪费的时间了。 well ˈsaid! ( informal) I agree completely 说得好;完全赞同 ‘We must stand up for ourselves.’ ‘Well said, John.’ “我们必须自己起来保护自己。”“说得好,约翰。” ˌwhat do/would you ˈsay (to sth/doing sth) ( informal) would you like sth/to do sth? 你同意…吗;你看…好不好 What do you say to eating out tonight? 今晚到外边吃饭,怎么样? Let's go away for a weekend. What do you say? 我们出去过周末,你说好不好? what/whatever sb says, ˈgoes ( informal, often humorous) a particular person must be obeyed 凡是…说的,都得照办;无论…说什么,都能行得通 Sarah wanted the kitchen painted green, and what she says, goes. 萨拉想把厨房刷成绿色,而她说什么,就得照办。 whatever you ˈsay ( informal) used to agree to sb's suggestion because you do not want to argue (因不想争论而同意)由你,随你 when ˌall is said and ˈdone when everything is considered 说到底;毕竟;归根到底 I know you're upset, but when all's said and done it isn't exactly a disaster. 我知道你挺沮丧的,但说到底,事情并没什么大不了的。 who can ˈsay (…)? used to say that nobody knows the answer to a question 谁知道(…) Who can say what will happen next year? 谁能说得出明年会发生什么事? who ˈsays (…)? ( informal) used to disagree with a statement or an opinion (表示不同意)谁说(…) Who says I can't do it? 谁说我干不了这个? who's to say (…)? used to say that sth might happen or might have happened in a particular way, because nobody really knows (表示说不定某事会发生或本来会发生)谁说得准(…) Who's to say we would not have succeeded if we'd had more time? 要是时间更充裕,没准儿我们就已成功了,谁说得准呢? you can say ˈthat again ( informal) I agree with you completely 让你说对了;一点没错;正是这样 ‘He's in a bad mood today.’ ‘You can say that again!’ “他今天情绪不好。”“让你说对了!” you can't say ˈfairer (than ˈthat) ( BrE) ( informal) used to say that you think the offer you are making is reasonable or generous (出价时说)再公道不过了 Look, I'll give you £100 for it. I can't say fairer than that. 你看,我出 100 英镑买它,这再公道不过了。 you don't ˈsay! ( informal, often ironic) used to express surprise 我就知道;不会吧;不至于吧 ‘They left without us.’ ‘You don't say!’ (= I'm not surprised) “他们撇下我们自个儿走了。”“真的吗?” you ˈsaid it! ( informal) 1 ( BrE) used to agree with sb when they say sth about themselves that you would not have been rude enough to say yourself (同意对方所作而碍于礼貌自己不便作出的评价)这话可是你说的 ‘I know I'm not the world's greatest cook.’ ‘You said it!’ “我知道我的饭菜做得不是太好。”“这话可是你说的!” 2 ( NAmE) used to agree with sb's suggestion (同意对方的提议)正合我心意 more at dare v. , easy adv. , enough pron. , glad , let v. , mean v. , mind v. , needless , record n. , soon , sorry adj. , suffice , word n. noun [singular ,  uncountable ] say(in sth) the right to influence sth by giving your opinion before a decision is made 决定权;发言权 We had no say in the decision to sell the company. 在决定出售公司的问题上,我们没有发言权。 People want a greater say in local government. 人们要求在当地的政务中有更大的发言权。 The judge has the final say on the sentence. 法官对判决有最后的决定权。 IDIOM have your ˈsay ( informal) to have the opportunity to express yourself fully about sth 有机会充分发表意见 She won't be happy until she's had her say. 她要把话都说出来才舒畅。 see also say your piece exclamation ( NAmE) ( informal) 1 used for showing surprise or pleasure (表示惊讶或兴奋)嘿,啧啧 Say, that's a nice haircut! 啧啧,这个头发剪得很漂亮! 2 used for attracting sb's attention or for making a suggestion or comment (提请别人注意、提出建议或作出评论)喂,我说 Say, how about going to a movie tonight? 我说,今晚去看场电影怎么样? WHICH WORD? 词语辨析 say / tell Saynever has a person as the object. You say somethingor say something to somebody. Sayis often used when you are giving somebody’s exact words. *say 从不以人作宾语,可说 say something 或 say something to somebody。say 常与直接引语连用: ‘Sit down,’ she said. “坐下。”她说。 Anne said, ‘I’m tired.’ 安妮说:“我累了。” Anne said (that) she was tired. 安妮说她累了。 What did he say to you? 他对你说了些什么? You cannot use ‘say about’, but say something aboutis correct. 不能用 say about,但可说 say something about: I want to say something /a few words /a little about my family. 我想谈谈我的家庭。 Saycan also be used with a clause when the person you are talking to is not mentioned. 没有指明说话对象时,say 亦可与从句连用: She didn’t say what she intended to do. 她没说她想做什么。 Tellusually has a person as the object and often has two objects. *tell 常带有两个宾语,其中一个通常是人: Have you told him the news yet? 你告诉他这消息了吗? It is often used with ‘that’ clauses. 该词常与 that 从句连用: Anne told me (that) she was tired. 安妮对我说她累了。 Tellis usually used when somebody is giving facts or information, often with what, where,etc. *tell 通常在某人告知事实或提供信息时使用,常与 what、where 等词连用: Can you tell me when the movie starts? 你能告诉我电影什么时候开演吗? (BUT 但: Can you give me some information about the school? 你能给我讲讲这所学校的情况吗? ) Tellis also used when you are giving somebody instructions. 发出指示时亦可用 tell: The doctor told me to stay in bed. 医生要我卧床休息。 The doctor told me (that) I had to stay in bed. 医生对我说我必须卧床休息。 OR 或: The doctor said (that) I had to stay in bed. 医生说我必须卧床休息。 NOT 不能说: The doctor said me to stay in bed. say / seɪ ; NAmE seɪ / says / sez ; NAmE sez / said / sed ; NAmE sed /
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