long 英 [lɒŋ]   美 [lɔŋ]

long

long  英 [lɒŋ] 美 [lɔŋ]

n. 长时间;[语] 长音节;(服装的)长尺寸;长裤  adj. 长的;过长的;做多头的;长时间的;冗长的,长音  vi. 渴望;热望 

进行时:longing  过去式:longed  过去分词:longed  第三人称单数:longs  名词复数:longs  比较级:longer  最高级:longest 

It will not take long. 这不需要很长久(时间)。
She had long dark hair. 她留着黑黑的长发。

  • To strongly crave or desire something is to long for it. No matter how healthful your diet is, you'll still occasionally long for chocolate, cookies, and cake.
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  • n. 长时间;[语] 长音节;(服装的)长尺寸;长裤
  • adj. 长的;过长的;做多头的;长时间的;冗长的,长音
  • vi. 渴望;热望
  • adv. 长期地;始终
  • 1. It will not take long.

    这不需要很长久(时间)。

  • 2. She had long dark hair.

    她留着黑黑的长发。

  • 3. How long is the River Nile?

    尼罗河有多长?

  • 4. It was the world's longest bridge.

    那座桥当时是世界上最长的。

  • 5. The table is six feet long.

    那张桌子长六英尺。

  • 6. I'm tired. It's been a long day.

    我累了。这一天可真够长的。

  • 7. I'm longing to see you again.

    我渴望再次见到你。

  • long (adj.) Old English lang "having a great linear extent, that extends considerably from end to end; tall; lasting," from Proto-Germanic *langgaz (source also of Old Frisian and Old Saxon lang, Old High German and German lang, Old Norse langr, Middle Dutch lanc, Dutch lang, Gothic laggs "long").
  • long (adv.) Old English lange, longe "for a length of time, a long time; far, to a great extent in space," from long (adj.). Old English also had langlice (adv.) "for a long time, long, at length." Longly (adv.) is rarely used. No longer "not as formerly" is from c. 1300; to be not long for this world "soon to die" is from 1714.
  • long (n.) in long and short of it "the sum of the matter in a few words," c. 1500, from long (adj.).
  • long (v.) Middle English longen, from Old English langian "to yearn after, grieve for," literally "to grow long, lengthen," from Proto-Germanic *langojan, which probably is connected with the root of long (adj.). Cognate with Old Norse langa, Old Saxon langon, Middle Dutch langhen, Old High German langen "to long," German verlangen "to desire." Related: Longed; longing.
long / lɒŋ ; NAmE lɔːŋ ; lɑːŋ / adjective , adverb , verb long longs longed longing WORD FAMILY long adjective , adverb length noun lengthy adjective lengthen verb adjective ( long·er / ˈlɒŋɡə(r) ; NAmE ˈlɔːŋɡər ; ˈlɑːŋɡər / long·est / ˈlɒŋɡɪst ; NAmE ˈlɔːŋɡɪst ; ˈlɑːŋɡɪst / ) distance 距离 1 measuring or covering a great length or distance, or a greater length or distance than usual (长度或距离)长的 She had long dark hair. 她留着黑黑的长发。 He walked down the long corridor. 他沿长廊走去。 It was the world's longest bridge. 那座桥当时是世界上最长的。 a long journey/walk/drive/flight 长途旅行╱步行╱驾驶╱飞行 We're a long wayfrom anywhere here. 我们这里离任何一个地方都很远。 It's a long way away. 那儿离这里很远。 OPP short 2 used for asking or talking about particular lengths or distances (询问或谈论长度或距离)长 How longis the River Nile? 尼罗河有多长? The table is six feet long. 那张桌子长六英尺。 The report is only three pages long. 这份报告仅有三页。 time 时间 3 lasting or taking a great amount of time or more time than usual 长时间的;长久的;长期的 He's been ill (for) a long time. 他生病很久了。 There was a long silence before she spoke. 沉默了很长时间她才开口。 I like it now the days are getting longer (= it stays light for more time each day). 白天越来越长了,我很喜欢。 a long book/film/list (= taking a lot of time to read/watch/deal with) 篇幅长的书;放映时间长的电影;一份很长的清单 Nurses have to work long hours (= for more hours in the day than is usual). 护士都不得不长时间地工作。 ( NAmE) He stared at them for the longest time (= for a very long time)before answering. 他盯着他们看了好长时间才回答。 OPP short 4 used for asking or talking about particular periods of time (询问或谈论某段时间) How longis the course? 这门课程要念多久? I think it's only three weeks long. 我想只有三个星期长。 How long a stay did you have in mind? 你原打算待多长时间? 5 seeming to last or take more time than it really does because, for example, you are very busy or not happy (因忙或不愉快等)似乎比实际时间长的 I'm tired. It's been a long day. 我累了。这一天可真够长的。 We were married for ten long years. 我们结婚有十年之久了。 OPP short clothes 衣物 6 covering all or most of your legs or arms 长的(完全或大部份覆盖腿或臂的) She usually wears long skirts. 她通常穿长裙。 a long-sleeved shirt 长袖衬衫 OPP short vowel sounds 元音 7 ( phonetics 语音 ) taking more time to make than a short vowel sound in the same position 长音的 OPP short IDIOMS as long as your ˈarm ( informal) very long 很长 There's a list of repairs as long as your arm. 有一份长得要命的修理单。 at long last after a long time 最后;终于 SYN finally At long last his prayers had been answered. 他的祈望终于实现了。 at the ˈlongest not longer than the particular time given 最长,至多(不超过某特定时间) It will take an hour at the longest. 这事最多花一小时。 by a ˈlong way by a great amount 大量地;大大地 go back a long ˈway (of two or more people 两个或以上的人 ) to have known each other for a long time 相识很久 We go back a long way, he and I. 我跟他,我们俩相识很久了。 go a long ˈway (of money, food, etc. 钱、食物等 ) to last a long time 经用;够维持很长时间 She seems to make her money go a long way. 看起来她用钱细水长流。 A small amount of this paint goes a long way (= covers a large area). 这种涂料用一点就可涂一大片。 ( ironic) I find that a little ofJerry's company can go a long way (= I quickly get tired of being with him). 我发觉跟杰里待上一会儿就受不了啦。 have come a long ˈway to have made a lot of progress 取得大的进步;大有长进 We've come a long way since the early days of the project. 这项目开始以来我们已取得很大进展。 have a long way to ˈgo to need to make a lot of progress before you can achieve sth 还有很长的路要走;还有很大差距 She still has a long way to go before she's fully fit. 她还需要很长时间才能完全恢复健康。 how long is a piece of ˈstring? ( BrE) ( informal) used to say that there is no definite answer to a question 一条线段有多长(意指没有确切的答案) ‘How long will it take?’ ‘How long's a piece of string?’ “需要多长时间?”“没准儿。” in the ˈlong run concerning a longer period in the future 从长远来看 This measure inevitably means higher taxes in the long run. 从长远来看这项措施的结果免不了要多纳税。 it's a ˌlong ˈstory ( informal) used to say that the reasons for sth are complicated and you would prefer not to give all the details 一言难尽;说来话长 the long arm of sth the power and/or authority of sth (某事物的)权力,权威 There is no escape from the long arm of the law. 法网恢恢,疏而不漏。 the long and (the) ˈshort of it used when you are telling sb the essential facts about sth or what effect it will have, without explaining all the details 总而言之;总的情况 (pull, wear, etc.) a long ˈface (to have) an unhappy or disappointed expression 闷闷不乐;哭丧着脸;愁眉苦脸 ˌlong in the ˈtooth ( humorous) ( especially BrE) old or too old 年齿渐长;老朽 ORIGIN This originally referred to the fact that a horse's teeth appear to be longer as it grows older, because its gums shrink. 源自马越老因牙龈收缩而牙齿显得越长。 ˈlong on sth ( informal) having a lot of a particular quality 擅长;颇具(某种特性) The government is long on ideas but short on performance. 这个政府想法很多但做成的却太少。 a ˈlong shot an attempt or a guess that is not likely to be successful but is worth trying 成功希望不大的尝试;把握不大的猜测;姑妄一猜 It's a long shot, but it just might work. 没有什么把握,但也许行得通。 long time no ˈsee ( informal) used to say hello to sb you have not seen for a long time 好久不见了 not by a ˈlong chalk ( BrE) ( also not by a ˈlong shot NAmE, BrE ) not nearly; not at all 差得远;绝不;一点也不 It's not over yet—not by a long chalk. 这事还没有了结,还差得远呢。 take a long (cool/hard) ˈlook at sth to consider a problem or possibility very carefully and without hurrying 极其慎重地考虑(问题或可能性) We need to take a long hard look at all the options. 我们需要十分谨慎地考虑所有的选择。 take the ˈlong view (of sth) to consider what is likely to happen or be important over a long period of time rather than only considering the present situation 从长远考虑 to cut a long story ˈshort ( BrE) ( NAmE to make a long story ˈshort ) ( informal) used when you are saying that you will get to the point of what you are saying quickly, without including all the details 长话短说;扼要地说;简而言之 more at broad adj. , kick v. , term n. , way n. adverb ( long·er / ˈlɒŋɡə(r) ; NAmE ˈlɔːŋɡər ; ˈlɑːŋɡər / , long·est / ˈlɒŋɡɪst ; NAmE ˈlɔːŋɡɪst ; ˈlɑːŋɡɪst / ) 1 for a long time 长期地;长久地 Have you been here long? 你来这里时间长吗? Stay as long as you like. 你愿待多久就待多久。 The party went on long into the night. 聚会持续到深夜。 This may take longerthan we thought. 这事花的时间也许比我们预料的要多些。 I won't be long (= I'll return, be ready, etc. soon). 我一会儿就行。 How longhave you been waiting? 你等了多久了? These reforms are long overdue. 这些改革早就该进行了。 2 a long time before or after a particular time or event (在某一时间或事件之前或以后)很久地 He retired long before the war. 他在战争之前早就退休了。 It wasn't long before she had persuaded him (= it only took a short time). 她没用多久就把他说服了。 We'll be home before long (= soon). 我们很快就要到家了。 The house was pulled down long ago. 那栋房子很久以前就被拆掉了。 They had long since (= a long time before the present time)moved away. 他们早就搬走了。 3 used after a noun to emphasize that sth happens for the whole of a particular period of time (用于名词后强调某事发生在某整段时间) We had to wait all day long. 我们不得不整天等候着。 The baby was crying all night long. 婴儿整夜在哭。 They stayed up the whole night long. 他们彻夜未眠。 IDIOMS as/so ˈlong as 1 only if 只要 We'll go as long as the weather is good. 只要天气好我们就去。 2 since; to the extent that 既然;由于;就…来说 So long as there is a demand for these drugs, the financial incentive for drug dealers will be there. 只要对这些毒品有需求,就会有对贩毒者的经济诱因。 for (so) ˈlong for (such) a long time 长久地;(这么)长时间地 Will you be away for long? 你要离开很久吗? I'm sorry I haven't written to you for so long. 真抱歉,我很长时间未给你写信了。 how long have you ˈgot? ( BrE) ( NAmE how long do you ˈhave? ) ( informal) used to say that sth is going to take a long time to explain 你有多少时间(指需要很长时间来解释) What do I think about it? How long have you got? 这事我是怎么想的?说来话长,你有时间听吗? long live sb/sth used to say that you hope sb/sth will live or last for a long time …万岁;…万古常青 no/any ˈlonger used to say that sth which was possible or true before, is not now 不再;不复 I can't wait any longer. 我不能再等了。 He no longer lives here. 他不再住这儿了。 so ˈlong ( informal) goodbye 再见 more at laugh v. verb [intransitive ] to want sth very much especially if it does not seem likely to happen soon (尤指对看似不会很快发生的事)渴望 SYN yearn longfor sb/sth Lucy had always longed for a brother. 露西一直渴望有个弟弟。 longfor sb to do sth He longed for Pat to phone. 他期盼着帕特来电话。 longto do sth I'm longing to see you again. 我渴望再次见到你。 see also longed-for WHICH WORD? 词语辨析 (for) long / (for) a long time Both (for) longand (for) a long timeare used as expressions of time. In positive sentences (for) a long timeis used. * (for) long 和 (for) a long time 均用以表示时间。肯定句用 (for) a long time: We’ve been friends a long time. 我们是老朋友了。 (For) longis not used in positive sentences unless it is used with too, enough, as, so, seldom,etc. * (for) long 只有与 too、enough、as、so、seldom 等词连用时才用于肯定句中: I stayed out in the sun for too long. 我在太阳底下待的时间太长了。 You’ve been waiting long enough. 你等得够久的了。 Both (for) longand (for) a long timecan be used in questions, but (for) longis usually preferred. * (for) long 和 (for) a long time 均可用于疑问句,但 (for) long 较常用: Have you been waiting long? 你等了很长时间吗? In negative sentences (for) a long timesometimes has a different meaning from (for) long. 在否定句中 (for) a long time 和 (for) long 有时含义不同。 Compare 比较: I haven’t been here for a long time (= It is a long time since the last time I was here). 我已很久没来这里了。 and I haven’t been here long (= I arrived here only a short time ago). 我到这里没多长时间。 long / lɒŋ ; NAmE lɔːŋ ; lɑːŋ / long·er / ˈlɒŋɡə(r) ; NAmE ˈlɔːŋɡər ; ˈlɑːŋɡər / long·est / ˈlɒŋɡɪst ; NAmE ˈlɔːŋɡɪst ; ˈlɑːŋɡɪst /
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