up 英 [ʌp]   美 [ʌp]


up  英 [ʌp] 美 [ʌp]

adv. 起来;上涨;向上  prep. 在…之上;向…的较高处  adj. 涨的;起床的;向上的 

进行时:upping  过去式:upped  过去分词:upped  第三人称单数:up  名词复数:ups 

She turned the volume up.  她把音量调大了。
We ate all the food up.  我们把食物吃光了。

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  • adv. 起来;上涨;向上
  • prep. 在…之上;向…的较高处
  • adj. 涨的;起床的;向上的
  • n. 上升;繁荣
  • 1. She turned the volume up.


  • 2. We ate all the food up.


  • 3. The boat bobbed up and down on the water.


  • 4. The sun was already up.


  • 5. Time's up. Stop writing.


  • 6. What's up with him?


up / ʌp ; NAmE ʌp / adverb , preposition , adjective , verb , noun adverb HELP  For the special uses of upin phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example break upis in the phrasal verb section at break. *up 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 break up 在词条 break 的短语动词部份。 1 towards or in a higher position 向(或在)较高位置;向上;在上面 He jumped up from his chair. 他从椅子上跳起来。 The sun was already up (= had risen)when they set off. 他们出发时太阳已经升起了。 They live up in the mountains. 他们住在山区。 It didn't take long to put the tent up. 没用多长时间就搭完帐篷了。 I pinned the notice up on the wall. 我把通知钉在墙上了。 Lay the cards face up (= facing upwards)on the table. 把纸牌正面朝上摆在桌子上。 You look nice with your hair up (= arranged on top of or at the back of your head). 你把头发向上梳很好看。 Up you come! (= said when lifting a child) 举高高喽! 2 to or at a higher level 向(或在)较高水平;加大;增高 She turned the volume up. 她把音量调大了。 Prices are still going up (= rising). 物价还在上涨。 United were 3–1 up at half-time. 半场结束时,联队以 3:1 领先。 The wind is getting up (= blowing more strongly). 风渐渐大起来了。 Sales are well up onlast year. 销量比去年大幅增加。 language bank at increase 3 to the place where sb/sth is 朝(某人或某物)的方向;向…的地方 A car drove up and he got in. 一辆汽车开过来,他就上了车。 She went straight up to the door and knocked loudly. 她迳直走到门前大声敲门。 4 to or at an important place, especially a large city 到,朝,在(重要地方,尤指大城市) We're going up to New York for the day. 我们要上纽约一天。 ( BrE) ( formal) His son's up at Oxford (= Oxford University). 他儿子在上牛津大学。 5 to a place in the north of a country 向(国家北部的地方);向(北方) They've moved up north. 他们已搬到北部去了。 We drove up to Inverness to see my father. 我们开车北上因弗内斯去看我父亲。 6 into pieces or parts 成碎片;分开 She tore the paper up. 她把纸撕得粉碎。 They've had the road up (= with the surface broken or removed)to lay some pipes. 他们挖开了路面以便敷设管线。 How shall we divide up the work? 我们怎么分工呢? 7 completely 完全;彻底地 We ate all the food up. 我们把食物吃光了。 The stream has dried up. 小溪已经干涸了。 8 so as to be formed or brought together (以便)形成,聚拢 The government agreed to set up a committee of inquiry. 政府同意成立一个调查委员会。 She gathered up her belongings. 她收拾起她的私人物品。 9 so as to be finished or closed (以便)完结,关闭 I have some paperwork to finish up. 我有些文案工作要做完。 Do your coat up; it's cold. 把上衣扣上,天凉了。 10 (of a period of time 一段时间 ) finished; over 已结束;已过去 Time's up. Stop writing and hand in your papers. 时间到了。不要再写了,把试卷交上来。 11 out of bed 未上床;起床 I stayed up late (= did not go to bed until late)last night. 我昨晚熬夜了。 ( BrE) He's up and aboutagain after his illness. 他病愈后又能起来活动了。 12 ( informal) used to say that sth is happening, especially sth unusual or unpleasant (尤指异常或不愉快的事情)发生,出现 I could tell something was upby the looks on their faces. 从他们的脸色我就看出发生什么事了。 What's up? (= What is the matter?) 怎么回事? What's up withhim? He looks furious. 他怎么了?他看上去怒气冲冲。 Is anything up? You can tell me. 出什么事了吗?跟我说吧。 HELP  In NAmE What's up?can just mean ‘What's new?’ or ‘What's happening?’. There may not be anything wrong. 在美式英语中,what's up 可以是 what's new 或 what's happening 的意思,可能没有什么不对头的事。 IDIOMS be up to sb to be sb's duty or responsibility; to be for sb to decide 是…的职责(或责任);由…决定 It's not up to you to tell me how to do my job. 还轮不到你来告诉我怎么做我的事。 Shall we eat out or stay in? It's up to you. 咱们是到外面吃饭还是待在家里?你决定吧。 not be ˈup to much ( BrE) to be of poor quality; to not be very good 质量差;不很好 His work isn't up to much. 他的活儿做得不怎么样。 up against sth ( informal) facing problems or opposition 遇到问题;遭到反对 Teachers are up against some major problems these days. 老师们最近面临着一些重大问题。 She's really up against it (= in a difficult situation). 她确实陷入了困境。 ˌup and ˈdown 1 moving upwards and downwards 起伏;上下波动 The boat bobbed up and down on the water. 小船在水面颠簸。 2 in one direction and then in the opposite direction 来回;往复 She was pacing up and down in front of her desk. 她在办公桌前踱来踱去。 3 sometimes good and sometimes bad 时好时坏 My relationship with him was up and down. 我跟他的关系忽冷忽热。 4 ( NAmE) ( informal) if you swear up and downthat sth is true, you say that it is definitely true 绝对地;肯定地;完全地 ˌup and ˈrunning (of a system, for example a computer system 系统,如计算机系统 ) working; being used 在运转;在使用中 By that time the new system should be up and running. 到那时这个新系统应该会运转起来了。 up before sb/sth appearing in front of sb in authority for a judgement to be made about sth that you have done 到…面前接受裁决;出庭受审 He came up before the local magistrate for speeding. 他因超速驾驶到当地法庭受审。 up for sth 1 on offer for sth 提供作… The house is up for sale. 这所房子正待出售。 2 being considered for sth, especially as a candidate 正被考虑,被提名(作候选人等) Two candidates are up for election. 有两位候选人被提名参选。 3 ( informal) willing to take part in a particular activity 愿意参与(某活动) We're going clubbing tonight. Are you up for it? 我们今晚去夜总会,你愿意来吗? ˈup there ( informal) among or almost the best, worst, most important, etc. (是或差不多是最好、最差、最重要等)之列,之一 It may not have been the worst week of my life but it's up there. 这可能不是我一生中最糟糕的一周,但也差不远了。 OK, it's not my absolute dream, but it's up there. 是的,那不是我的终极梦想,不过也差不远了。 up to sth 1 as far as a particular number, level, etc. 到达(某数量、程度等);至多有 I can take up to four people (= but no more than four)in my car. 我的汽车最多能带四个人。 The temperature went up to 35°C. 气温上升到了 35 摄氏度。 2 ( also up until sth ) not further or later than sth; until sth 直到;不多于;不迟于 Read up to page 100. 读到第 100 页。 Up to now he's been very quiet. 到目前为止,他一直很安静。 3 as high or as good as sth 与…一样高(或好) Her latest book isn't up to her usual standard. 她的新作没有达到她平常的水准。 4 ( also up to doing sth ) physically or mentally capable of sth (体力或智力上)能胜任 He's not up to the job. 他无法胜任这项工作。 I don't feel up to going to work today. 我觉得不舒服,今天不能去上班。 5 ( informal) doing sth, especially sth bad 正在干,从事着(尤指坏事);在捣鬼 What's she up to? 她在捣什么鬼? What've you been up to? 你一直在搞什么名堂? I'm sure he's up to no good (= doing sth bad). 我敢说他在打什么坏主意。 preposition 1 to or in a higher position somewhere 向,在(较高位置) She climbed up the flight of steps. 她爬上了那层台阶。 The village is further up the valley. 村庄在山谷的更深处。 2 along or further along a road or street 沿着;顺着 We live just up the road, past the post office. 我们就住在路的前面,刚过邮局的地方。 3 towards the place where a river starts 向…上游;溯流而上 a cruise up the Rhine 乘船沿莱茵河溯流而上 IDIOMS up and down sth in one direction and then in the opposite direction along sth 沿…来来回回 I looked up and down the corridor. 我来回扫视着走廊。 ˌup ˈyours! ( taboo, slang) an offensive way of being rude to sb, for example because they have said sth that makes you angry (愤怒地回应)去你的 adjective 1 [only before noun ] directed or moving upwards 向上的;往上移动的 an up stroke 上提笔画 the up escalator 上行自动扶梯 2 [not before noun ] ( informal) cheerful; happy or excited 高兴;快乐;激动 The mood here is resolutely up. 这里的气氛十分热闹。 3 [not before noun ] (of a computer system 计算机系统 ) working 在运行 Our system should be up by this afternoon. 到今天下午,我们的电脑系统应该运行起来了。 verb ( -pp- ) 1 [intransitive ] up and… ( informal or humorous) to suddenly move or do sth unexpected 突然移动;突然做(意想不到的事) He upped and leftwithout telling anyone. 他突然起身不辞而别。 2 [transitive ] upsth to increase the price or amount of sth 提高…的价格(或数量) SYN raise The buyers upped their offer by £1 000. 买方把出价增加了 1 000 英镑。 IDIOM ˌup ˈsticks ( BrE) ( NAmE ˌpull up ˈstakes ) ( informal) to suddenly move from your house and go to live somewhere else 突然迁居 more at ante noun IDIOMS on the ˈup increasing or improving 在增长;在改善中 Business confidence is on the up. 商业信心有增强趋势。 on the ˌup and ˈup ( informal) 1 ( BrE) becoming more and more successful 蒸蒸日上;日益兴旺;越来越好 The club has been on the up and up since the beginning of the season. 从本季开始,这个俱乐部便日益欣欣向荣。 2 ( NAmE) = on the level at level n. The offer seems to be on the up and up. 这一提议似乎是坦诚可信的。 ˌups and ˈdowns the mixture of good and bad things in life or in a particular situation or relationship 浮沉;兴衰;荣辱 up / ʌp ; NAmE ʌp /
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