this 英 [ðɪs]   美 [ðɪs]

this

this  英 [ðɪs] 美 [ðɪs]

pron. 这;这个;这里  adj. 这;本;这个;今  adv. 这样地;这么 

this week/month/year 本周;本月;今年
Is this your bag?  这是你的包吗?

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  • pron. 这;这个;这里
  • adj. 这;本;这个;今
  • adv. 这样地;这么
  • 1. this week/month/year

    本周;本月;今年

  • 2. Is this your bag?

    这是你的包吗?

  • 3. This is all I have.

    这就是我的全部家当。

  • 4. Do it like this (= in the way I am showing you).

    照这样去做。

  • this (pron.) Old English þis, neuter demonstrative pronoun and adjective (masc. þes, fem. þeos), probably from a North Sea Germanic pronoun *tha-si-, formed by combining the base *þa- (see that) with -s, which is probably identical with Old English se "the" (representing here "a specific thing"), or with Old English seo, imperative of see (v.) "to behold." Compare Old Saxon these, Old Frisian this, Old Norse þessi, Middle Dutch dese, Dutch deze, Old High German deser, German dieser.
this / ðɪs ; NAmE ðɪs / determiner , pronoun , adverb this these determiner , pronoun ( plural these / ðiːz ; NAmE ðiːz / ) 1 used to refer to a particular person, thing or event that is close to you, especially compared with another (指较近的人或事物)这,这个 How long have you been living in this country? 你在这个国家居住多久啦? Well, make up your mind. Which do you want? This one or that one? 哎,拿定主意。你要哪一个?这个还是那个? I think you'll find these more comfortable than those. 我想你会觉得这些比那些更舒适。 Is this your bag? 这是你的包吗? 2 used to refer to sth/sb that has already been mentioned (指已提到过的人或事物)这,这个 There was a court case resulting from this incident. 这一事件引起一宗案件。 The boy was afraid and the dog had sensed this. 男孩害怕了,狗已经察觉到这一点。 What's this I hear about you getting married? 我听说你结婚了,这是怎么回事? 3 used for introducing sb or showing sth to sb (介绍人或展示事物时用)这,这样 Hello, this is Maria Diaz (= on the telephone). 喂,我是玛丽亚 · 迪亚兹。 Jo, this is Kate (= when you are introducing them). 乔,这位是凯特。 This is the captain speaking. 我是船长。 Listen to this. 听听这件事。 Do it like this (= in the way I am showing you). 照这样去做。 4 used with periods of time related to the present (与和现在有关的一段时间连用)今,本,这个,现在 this week/month/year 本周;本月;今年 I saw her this morning (= today in the morning). 今天早晨我见到过她。 Do you want me to come this Tuesday (= Tuesday of this week)or next Tuesday? 你要我本周二还是下周二来? Do it this minute (= now). 现在就做。 He never comes to see me these days (= now, as compared with the past). 近来他一直不来看我。 5 thissth of sb's ( informal) used to refer to sb/sth that is connected with a person, especially when you have a particular attitude towards it or them (尤指说话者抱有既定看法的人或事物)…的这个(或这些) These new friends of hers are supposed to be very rich. 她的这些新朋友想必都很富有。 6 ( informal) used when you are telling a story or telling sb about sth (述说时用)有个 There was this strange man sitting next to me on the plane. 在飞机上有个奇怪的人坐在我身旁。 I've been getting these pains in my chest. 我胸部一直有一些疼痛感。 IDIOM ˌthis and ˈthat | ˌthis, ˌthat and the ˈother ( informal) various things or activities 这样那样;各种事情;各种各样的活动 ‘What did you talk about? ’ ‘Oh, this and that.’ “你们谈什么来着?”“噢,无所不谈。” adverb to this degree; so 这样;这么 It's about this high (= as high as I am showing you with my hands). 大约有这么高。 I didn't think we'd get this far. 我未曾想到我们会走得这么远。 this / ðɪs ; NAmE ðɪs / these / ðiːz ; NAmE ðiːz /
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