history 英 [ˈhɪstri]   美 [ˈhɪstəri]


history  英 [ˈhɪstri] 美 [ˈhɪstəri]

n. 历史 


She's writing a new history of Europe. 她正在写一部新的欧洲史。
He has a history of violent crime. 他有暴力犯罪的前科。

  • A history is a chronicle of events, like the history of the United States’ mission to put a man on the moon, or the world history class that you have to memorize all those dates for.
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  • n. 历史
  • 1. She's writing a new history of Europe.


  • 2. He has a history of violent crime.


  • 3. a patient's medical history


  • 4. a turning point in human history


  • 5. The local history of the area is interesting.


  • 6. a history teacher


  • 7. a degree in History


  • 8. socialhistory, political history


  • history (n.) late 14c., "relation of incidents" (true or false), from Old French estoire, estorie "story; chronicle, history" (12c., Modern French histoire), from Latin historia "narrative of past events, account, tale, story," from Greek historia "a learning or knowing by inquiry; an account of one's inquiries, history, record, narrative," from historein "inquire," from histor "wise man, judge," from PIE *wid-tor-, from root *weid- "to see."
his·tory / ˈhɪstri ; NAmE ˈhɪstri / noun ( plural his·tories ) 1 [uncountable ] all the events that happened in the past 历史(指过去发生的所有事情) a turning point in human history 人类历史的一个转折点 one of the worst disasters in recent history 近代史上最大的灾难之一 a people with no sense of history 一个没有历史感的民族 Many people throughout history have dreamt of a world without war. 历史上有很多人梦想过没有战争的世界。 The area was inhabited long before the dawn of recorded history (= before people wrote about events). 早在有历史记载之前很久这个地区就有人居住了。 These events changed the course of history. 这些事件改变了历史的进程。 2 [singular ,  uncountable ] the past events concerned in the development of a particular place, subject, etc. (有关某个地方、主题等的)发展史,历史 the history of Ireland/democracy/popular music 爱尔兰╱民主╱流行音乐的历史 The local historyof the area is fascinating. 这个地区的历史很有意思。 The school traces its history back to 1865. 这个学校的历史可以追溯到 1865 年。 3 [uncountable ] the study of past events as a subject at school or university 历史课;历史学 a history teacher 历史科老师 a degree in History 历史学学位 social/economic/political history 社会╱经济╱政治史 ancient/medieval/modern history 古代╱中世纪╱近代史 She's studying art history. 她正在研读艺术史。 see also natural history 4 [countable ] a written or spoken account of past events 历史(指历史记载或历史传说) She's writing a new history of Europe. 她正在写一部新的欧洲史。 She went on to catalogue a long history of disasters. 接下来她列举了一长串灾难。 5 [singular ] history(of sth) a record of sth happening frequently in the past life of a person, family or place; the set of facts that are known about sb's past life (某人的)履历,经历;家族史;(某地的)沿革 He has a history of violent crime. 他有暴力犯罪的前科。 There is a history of heart disease in my family. 我家有家族心脏病史。 a patient's medical history 病人的病历 see also case history , life history IDIOMS be ˈhistory ( informal) to be dead or no longer important 完蛋;已过去了;不再重要;成为历史 Another mistake like that and you're history. 要是再犯那种错误你就完了。 We won't talk about that—that's history. 我们不会谈论那件事的,那都已经过去了。 That's past historynow. 那是以前的事了。 the ˈhistory books the record of great achievements in history 历史上重大成就的记载 She has earned her place in the history books. 她名垂青史。 history reˈpeats itself used to say that things often happen later in the same way as before 历史时常重演 make ˈhistory | go down in ˈhistory to be or do sth so important that it will be recorded in history 载入史册;青史留名;创造历史 a discovery that made medical history 载入医学史册的一项重大发现 more at rest n. history histories his·tory / ˈhɪstri ; NAmE ˈhɪstri /
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