ask 英 [ɑ:sk]   美 [æsk]

ask

ask  英 [ɑ:sk] 美 [æsk]

vt. 问,询问;要求;需要;邀请;讨价  vi. 问,询问;要求 

进行时:asking  过去式:asked  过去分词:asked  第三人称单数:asks  名词复数:asks 

Can I ask a question? 我能提个问题吗?
He asked where I lived. 他问我住在哪里。

  • To ask is to pose a question or request something. If you say "What time is lunch?", then you're asking a question.
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  • vt. 问,询问;要求;需要;邀请;讨价
  • vi. 问,询问;要求
  • 1. Can I ask a question?

    我能提个问题吗?

  • 2. He asked where I lived.

    他问我住在哪里。

  • 3. Eric asked me to marry him.

    埃里克求我嫁给他。

  • 4. Why don't you ask his advice?

    你为什么不征询他的意见?

  • 5. I asked to see the manager.

    我要求见经理。

  • 6. to ask for a job/a drink/an explanation

    求职;要一杯饮料;要求解释

  • 7. She's asked him to come to the party.

    她已邀请他来参加聚会。

ask / ɑːsk ; NAmE æsk / verb , noun ask asks asked asking verb question 问题 1 [intransitive ,  transitive ] to say or write sth in the form of a question, in order to get information 问;询问 How old are you—if you don't mind me/my asking? 要是你不介意我提问,你多大年纪了? askabout sb/sth He asked about her family. 他询问了她的家庭情况。 asksth Can I ask a question? 我能提个问题吗? Did you ask the price? 你问了价钱没有? + speech ‘Where are you going?’ she asked. “你去哪里?”她问道。 asksb + speech ‘Are you sure?’ he asked her. “你有把握吗?”他问她。 asksb sth She asked the students their names. 她问了学生们的姓名。 I often get askedthat! 我常常被问到那件事! asksb (about sth) The interviewer asked me about my future plans. 采访者问了我的未来计划。 askwhere, what, etc… He asked where I lived. 他问我住在哪里。 asksb where, what, etc… I had to ask the teacher what to do next. 我不得不问老师下一步做什么。 I was asked if/whether I could drive. 有人问我会不会开车。 HELP  You cannot say ‘ask to sb’. 不能说 ask to sb: I asked to my friend what had happened. request 请求 2 [transitive ] to tell sb that you would like them to do sth or that you would like sth to happen 要求;请求 asksb to do sth All the students were asked to complete a questionnaire. 全体学生都被要求填一份调查表。 Eric asked me to marry him. 埃里克求我嫁给他。 askwhether, what, etc… I asked whether they could change my ticket. 我问他们是否可以给我换票。 asksb whether, what, etc… She asked me if I would give her English lessons. 她问我愿不愿意给她上英语课。 askthat… ( formal) She asked that she be kept informed of developments. 她要求继续向她报告事态发展情况。 ( BrE also) She asked that she should be kept informed. 她要求继续向她报告有关情况。 3 [intransitive ,  transitive ] to say that you would like sb to give you sth 请求,恳求(给予);征求 askfor sth to ask for a job/a drink/an explanation 求职;要一杯饮料;要求解释 I am writing to ask for some information about courses. 我写信是想了解关于课程的情况。 asksth Why don't you ask his advice? 你为什么不征询他的意见? asksb for sth Why don't you ask him for his advice? 你为什么不征求他的意见? asksth of sb Can I ask a favour of you? 能请你帮个忙吗? asksb sth Can I ask you a favour? 我能请你帮个忙吗? permission 准许 4 [transitive ] to request permission to do sth 请求允许;要求准许 askto do sth Did you ask to use the car? 你是提出想用这辆车吗? I asked to see the manager. 我要求见经理。 askif, whether, etc… I'll ask if it's all right to park here. 我会问是否可以在这里停车。 asksb if, whether, etc… She asked her boss whether she could have the day off. 她问老板可不可以让她请一天假。 invite 邀请 5 [transitive ] to invite sb 请;邀请 asksb (+ adv./prep.) They've asked me to dinner. 他们已邀请我吃饭。 I didn't ask them in (= to come into the house). 我没有请他们进屋。 We must ask the neighbours round (= to our house). 我们得请邻居到家里来。 asksb to do sth She's asked him to come to the party. 她已邀请他来参加聚会。 money 6 [transitive ] asksth (for sth) to request a particular amount of money for sth that you are selling 要价;索价 He's asking£2 000 for the car. 这辆轿车他要价 2 000 英镑。 expect/demand 期望;要求 7 [transitive ] to expect or demand sth 期望;要求 asksth I know I'm asking a great deal. 我知道我的要求很高。 asksth of sb You're asking too much of him. 你对他要求过分了。 asksth to do sth I know it's asking a lot to expect them to win again. 我知道期望他们再次获胜未免要求太高了。 synonyms at demand IDIOMS ˈask for it ( informal) to deserve sth bad that happens to you or that sb does to you 罪有应得;自讨苦吃;自找麻烦 be ˈasking for trouble | be ˈasking for it ( informal) to behave in a way that is very likely to result in trouble 要自找麻烦;要自讨苦吃 ˌdon't ˈask ( informal) if you say don't askto sb, you mean that you do not want to reply to their question, because it would be awkward, embarrassing, etc. 不问为好;还是别问的好 ˌdon't ask ˈme ( informal) if you say don't ask me,you mean that you do not know the answer to a question and are annoyed you have been asked (不知答案或拂意作答时说)别问我 for the ˈasking if you can have sth for the asking,it is very easy for you to get it if you ask for it 只需要求,一经索取(便可获得) The job is yours for the asking. 只要开口,这份工作就是你的了。 I ˈask you ( informal) if you say I ask you,you are expressing disapproval, shock or anger about sth/sb (表示不赞成、震惊或气愤)请问,真是,这还了得 if you ask ˈme ( informal) in my personal opinion 我认为;依我说 Their marriage was a mistake, if you ask me. 依我看,他们的婚姻是个错误。 PHRASAL VERBS ˈask after sb ( BrE) to say that you would like to know how sb is, what they are doing, etc. 问候;问好 He always asks after you in his letters. 他在信中常问你好。 ˌask aˈround to speak to a number of different people in order to try and get some information 四处打听;多方询问 I don't know of any vacancies in the company but I'll ask around. 我不知道公司有没有空缺,不过我会打听打听。 ˌask sb ˈback ( especially BrE) to invite sb to come back to your house when you are both out together 邀请(一起外出的人)回到家里来 I hoped he wouldn't ask me back. 我本不希望他会邀请我回到他家去。 ˈask for sb/sth to say that you want to speak to sb or be directed to a place 说要找(某人);问到(某处)的路 When you arrive, ask for Jane. 你到达后找简。 ˌask sb ˈout to invite sb to go out with you, especially as a way of starting a romantic relationship. 邀请外出(尤指男女交往约会之始) He's too shy to ask her out. 他太腼腆,不好意思约她外出。 noun IDIOM a big ˈask ( informal) a difficult thing to achieve or deal with 难以做到的事情;棘手的事 Beating the world champions is certainly a big ask for the team. 这个队要打败世界冠军当然难度很大。 SYNONYMS 同义词辨析 ask enquire demand These words all mean to say or write sth in the form of a question, in order to get information. 以上各词均含口头或书面询问之义。 ask to say or write sth in the form of a question, in order to get information 指口头或书面提问、询问: ‘Where are you going?’ she asked. “你去哪?”她问道。 She asked the students their names. 她问了学生的姓名。 Can I ask a question? 我能提个问题吗? enquire/inquire ( rather formal) to ask sb for information 指询问、查询: I called the station to enquire about train times. 我打电话到车站询问了火车时刻。 demand to ask a question very firmly 指严正地问、质问: ‘And where have you been?’ he demanded angrily. “那你去了哪里?”他怒气冲冲地质问道。 PATTERNS to ask/enquire about / about sb/sth to ask/enquire/demand sth ofsb to ask/enquire/demand what / what etc. to ask/enquire politely to ask/enquire/demand angrily ask / ɑːsk ; NAmE æsk /
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