about 英 [əˈbaʊt]   美 [əˈbaʊt]

about

about  英 [əˈbaʊt] 美 [əˈbaʊt]

prep. 关于;大约  adj. 在附近的;四处走动的;在起作用的  adv. 大约;周围;到处 

care about the nature 关心大自然
It costs about $10. 这大约要花 10 元钱。

  • The adverb about, when used with a quantity, means approximately or roughly. If a teenager wants to have a couple of friends over, his mom might ask about how many "a couple" is — in his mind it may be about 50.
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  • prep. 关于;大约
  • adj. 在附近的;四处走动的;在起作用的
  • adv. 大约;周围;到处
  • 1. care about the nature

    关心大自然

  • 2. It costs about $10.

    这大约要花 10 元钱。

  • 3. a book about flowers

    一本关于花卉的书

  • 4. He arrived (at) about ten.

    他是十点钟左右到的。

  • 5. The children were rushing about in the garden.

    孩子们在花园里跑来跑去。

  • about (adv., prep.) Middle English aboute, from Old English abutan (adv., prep.), earlier onbutan "on the outside of; around the circumference of, enveloping; in the vicinity of, near; hither and thither, from place to place," also "with a rotating or spinning motion," in late Old English "near in time, number, degree, etc., approximately;" a compound or contraction of on (see on; also see a- (1)) + be "by" (see by) + utan "outside," from ut (see out (adv.)).
about / əˈbaʊt ; NAmE əˈbaʊt / adverb , preposition , adjective adverb 1 a little more or less than; a little before or after 大约;左右 SYN approximately It costs about $10. 这大约要花 10 元钱。 They waited (for) about an hour. 他们等了一小时左右。 He arrived (at) about ten. 他是十点钟左右到的。 2 nearly; very close to 将近;几乎 I'm just about ready. 我就要准备好了。 This is about the best we can hope for. 这差不多是我们所能希望的最好结果。 3 ( especially BrE) in many directions; here and there 到处;处处;各处 The children were rushing about in the garden. 孩子们在花园里跑来跑去。 4 ( especially BrE) in no particular order; in various places 凌乱地;四处;到处 Her books were lying about on the floor. 她的书在地板上东一本西一本地放着。 5 ( especially BrE) doing nothing in particular 闲着;无所事事 People were standing about in the road. 人们在路上闲站着。 6 ( especially BrE) able to be found in a place 在某地;附近;周围 There was nobody about. 附近没有人。 There's a lot of flu about. 这一带流感肆虐。 7 ( technical 术语 or formal) facing the opposite direction 向后转;掉转方向;掉头 He brought the ship about. 他掉转船头。 note at around IDIOM that's about ˈall | that's about ˈit used to say that you have finished telling sb about sth and there is nothing to add 我要说的就是这些;我的话完了 ‘Anything else?’ ‘No, that's about it for now.’ “还有什么要说的吗?”“没有了,现在我要说的就是这些。” more at just adv. , out adv. preposition 1 on the subject of sb/sth; in connection with sb/sth 关于;对于 a book about flowers 一本关于花卉的书 Tell me all aboutit. 把这件事全部告诉我。 What's she so angry about? 她为什么生这么大的气? There's something strange about him. 他有点怪。 I don't know what you're on about (= talking about). 我不懂你在谈什么。 There's nothing you can do about it now. 现在你对此毫无办法。 2 used to describe the purpose or an aspect of sth 目的是;为了;涉及…方面 Movies are all aboutmaking money these days. 当今电影就是只顾赚钱。 What was all that about? (= what was the reason for what has just happened?) 这到底是怎么回事? 3 busy with sth; doing sth 忙于;从事于 Everywhere people were going about their daily business. 无论哪里,人们都在忙着干日常工作。 And while you're about it(= while you're doing that) 在你干这件事的同时,顺便… 4 ( especially BrE) in many directions in a place; here and there 在…到处;在…各处 We wandered about the town for an hour or so. 我们在城里到处游逛了一个小时左右。 He looked about the room. 他在房间里四下看了看。 5 ( especially BrE) in various parts of a place; here and there 在…四处 The papers were strewn about the room. 房间里四处乱扔着文件。 6 ( especially BrE) next to a place or person; in the area mentioned 在…附近;在…地方 She's somewhere about the office. 她在办公室里某处。 7 ( literary) surrounding sb/sth 围绕 She wore a shawl about her shoulders. 她披了一件披肩。 IDIOM how/what about…? 1 used when asking for information about sb/sth (询问消息)怎么样,如何 How about Ruth? Have you heard from her? 露丝怎么样了?你有她的消息吗? I'm having fish. What about you? 我吃鱼,你呢? 2 used to make a suggestion (建议时说)怎么样,好吗 How about going for a walk? 去散散步怎么样? ( especially NAmE) How about we go for a walk? 我们去散散步怎么样? What about a break? 休息一下如何? adjective IDIOMS be about to do sth to be close to doing sth; to be going to do sth very soon 即将,行将,正要(做某事) I was just about to ask you the same thing. 我刚才正要问你同一件事情。 not be about to do sth to not be willing to do sth; to not intend to do sth 不愿,无意(做某事) I've never done any cooking and I'm not about to start now. 我从来没有做过饭,也不想从现在开始做起来。 LANGUAGE BANK 用语库 about Saying what a text is about 描述文章的内容 The book is abouthomeless people in the cities. 这本书写的是城市中无家可归的人们。 The report deals withthe issue of homelessness in London. 这篇报道是关于伦敦的无家可归问题。 The writer discussesthe problems faced by homeless people. 作者讨论了无家可归者面临的种种问题。 The article presents an overview ofthe issues surrounding homelessness. 这篇文章概述了有关无家可归的种种问题。 The novel exploresthe theme of friendship among homeless people. 这部小说探究了无家可归的人之间的友谊这个主题。 The first chapter examinesthe relationship between homelessness and drug addiction. 第一章考察了无家可归与吸毒成瘾之间的关系。 The paper considersthe question of why so many young people become homeless. 这篇论文论述了为何如此多的年轻人变得无家可归的问题。 about / əˈbaʊt ; NAmE əˈbaʊt /
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